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Chad Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Chad are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Chad.

Highlights of Chad BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Chad gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 63.59%63.59%
    • Fat : 18.78%18.78%
    • Plant protein : 9.40%9.40%
    • Animal protein : 1.72%1.72%
  • 6.51% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Chad gets 2110/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2257/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Chad
  • Sorghum, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Chad
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Chad average intake is 21.18 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Chad average Fruit intake is 23.32grams
  • In Chad, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 19.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Chad is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Chad
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Sorghum426
2Maize143
3Rice108
4Wheat69
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Chad
Diet Compositions in Chad
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1315
2Oils & Fats327
3Starchy Roots153
4Sugar103
5Pulses74
6Meat64
7Dairy & Eggs39
8Fruits & Vegetables20
9Other8
10Alcoholic Beverages7


Major Cause of Death



Diarrheal diseases was major cause of death in Chad with 18036 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 15% of total deaths. Overall Diarrheal diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Neonatal deaths were highest types of death causes in Chad.
    Major Cause of Death in Chad
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 69115 deaths (year 2016).
  • 22.54% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Diarrheal diseases and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 26% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Chad (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Chad - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Chad are Child wasting, Unsafe water source and Household air pollution. Every year around 13761 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Chad (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.18% of Chad population was suffering from cancer i.e. 9919 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 624) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 619 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 11% of survival chance.Chad was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3821 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 3660 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 624 people were dead. This means 17.05% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Chad and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Chad :
  • 0.18 % of Chad population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Chad
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Chad

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Chad (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 723 0.59%
Cardiovascular diseases 12300 9.97%
Kidney disease 1273 1.03%
Respiratory disease 2065 1.67%
Liver disease 2089 1.69%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4296 3.48%
Digestive disease 2295 1.86%
Hepatitis 408 0.33%
Cancers 6240 5.06%
Parkinson's disease 51 0.04%
Fire 563 0.46%
Malaria 6397 5.19%
Drowning 899 0.73%
Homicide 421 0.34%
HIV/AIDS 9750 7.91%
Drug disorder 95 0.08%
Tuberculosis 4340 3.52%
Road incidents 1927 1.56%
Maternal deaths 3427 2.78%
Neonatal deaths 14320 11.61%
Alcohol disorder 82 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 18036 14.63%
Tuberculosis 4340 3.52%
Nutritional deficiencies 4353 3.53%
Meningitis 4788.10214258 3.88%
Cancers 6240 5.06%
Malaria 6397 5.19%
HIV/AIDS 9750 7.91%
Cardiovascular diseases 12300 9.97%
Neonatal deaths 14320 11.61%
Lower respiratory infections 16526.6207967 13.4%
Diarrheal diseases 18036 14.63%



Chad - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 61 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 3603 5.67%
Lower respiratory infections 3644 5.74%
Malaria 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 61 0.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 13186 20.76%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 14320 22.54%
Measles 379 0.6%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 356 0.56%
HIV/AIDS 860 1.35%
Cardiovascular disease 355 0.56%
Digestive diseases 4981 7.84%
Road accidents 245 0.39%
Tuberculosis 167 0.26%
Drowning 76 0.12%
Fire 424 0.67%
Kidney disease 993 1.56%
Cancers 80 0.13%
Liver disease 195 0.31%
Hepatitis 431 0.68%
Homicide 3162 4.98%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11238 17.69%
Drug use disorders 1989 3.13%
Natural disasters 2724 4.29%



Chad - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 17 0.37%
Homicide 29 0.64%
Nutritional deficiencies 170 3.72%
Protein-energy malnutrition 164 3.59%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 20 0.44%
Diarrheal diseases 666 14.59%
Road accidents 279 6.11%
Tuberculosis 108 2.37%
HIV/AIDS 797 17.46%
Drowning 227 4.97%
Malaria 529 11.59%
Fire 70 1.53%
Cancers 187 4.1%
Hepatitis 40 0.88%
Digestive diseases 110 2.41%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 288 6.31%
Liver disease 51 1.12%
Respiratory disease 52 1.14%
Kidney disease 80 1.75%
Cardiovascular disease 142 3.11%
Lower respiratory infections 538 11.79%


Chad - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 332 1.63%
Homicide 297 1.46%
Nutritional deficiencies 181 0.89%
Protein-energy malnutrition 142 0.7%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 85 0.42%
Diarrheal diseases 1421 6.98%
Road accidents 830 4.08%
Tuberculosis 1721 8.46%
HIV/AIDS 7087 34.82%
Drowning 211 1.04%
Malaria 412 2.02%
Fire 102 0.5%
Cancers 1467 7.21%
Hepatitis 202 0.99%
Digestive diseases 602 2.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 915 4.5%
Liver disease 812 3.99%
Respiratory disease 364 1.79%
Kidney disease 343 1.69%
Cardiovascular disease 1652 8.12%
Drug disorder 73 0.36%
Alcohol disorder 42 0.21%
Parkinson's disease 1 0%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1056 5.19%


Chad - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 192 1.14%
Homicide 28 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 149 0.88%
Protein-energy malnutrition 117 0.69%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 24 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 1265 7.5%
Road accidents 283 1.68%
Tuberculosis 1191 7.06%
HIV/AIDS 951 5.64%
Drowning 62 0.37%
Malaria 289 1.71%
Fire 75 0.44%
Cancers 2700 16.01%
Hepatitis 70 0.42%
Digestive diseases 605 3.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1028 6.09%
Liver disease 803 4.76%
Respiratory disease 712 4.22%
Kidney disease 318 1.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 4329 25.67%
Dementia 82 0.49%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.04%
Drug disorder 13 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 29 0.17%
Lower respiratory infections 1545 9.16%


Chad - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 100 0.59%
Homicide 6 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 209 1.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 187 1.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 15 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 1498 8.82%
Road accidents 156 0.92%
Tuberculosis 963 5.67%
HIV/AIDS 55 0.32%
Drowning 44 0.26%
Malaria 186 1.09%
Fire 71 0.42%
Cancers 1718 10.11%
Hepatitis 20 0.12%
Digestive diseases 555 3.27%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1072 6.31%
Liver disease 343 2.02%
Respiratory disease 857 5.04%
Kidney disease 335 1.97%
Cardiovascular disease 5746 33.82%
Parkinson's disease 44 0.26%
Dementia 640 3.77%
Drug use disorders 9 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 11 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 2149 12.65%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Chad
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 13761 10.26%
Poor sanitation 12150 9.06%
No access to handwashing facility 10333 7.71%
Household air pollution 12324 9.19%
Outdoor air pollution 9108 6.79%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3752 2.8%
Discontinued breastfeeding 220 0.16%
Child wasting 23185 17.29%
Child stunting 3961 2.95%
Low birth weight 6514 4.86%
Secondhand smoke 493 0.37%
Alcohol use 2851 2.13%
Drug use 364 0.27%
Diet low in fruits 2474 1.85%
Diet low in vegetables 1892 1.41%
Unsafe sex 8588 6.41%
Low physical activity 784 0.58%
High blood sugar 3298 2.46%
High cholesterol 1859 1.39%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2052 1.53%
High blood pressure 6942 5.18%
Smoking 3022 2.25%
Iron deficiency 268 0.2%
Zinc deficiency 688 0.51%
Vitamin-A deficiency 2826 2.11%
Low bone mineral density 367 0.27%


Chad - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 220 0.29%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3752 5.03%
Child stunting 3961 5.31%
Low birth weight 6514 8.73%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 7426 9.95%
Secondhand smoke 264 0.35%
Poor sanitation 8882 11.91%
Unsafe water source 10069 13.5%
Household air pollution 5921 7.94%
Outdoor air pollution 4379 5.87%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0%
High blood pressure 3 0%
High blood sugar 22 0.03%
Child wasting 23185 31.08%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Chad - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.04%
No access to handwashing facility 371 15.91%
Unsafe water source 507 21.74%
Unsafe sex 204 8.75%
Iron deficiency 265 11.36%
Secondhand smoke 13 0.56%
Household air pollution 289 12.39%
Outdoor air pollution 210 9.01%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.04%
High blood sugar 19 0.81%
High blood pressure 2 0.09%
Poor sanitation 449 19.25%
Iron deficiency 1 0.04%


Chad - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 265 1.54%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.08%
Drug use 304 1.77%
Alcohol use 1382 8.03%
No access to handwashing facility 779 4.53%
Unsafe water source 1081 6.28%
Poor sanitation 958 5.57%
Smoking 586 3.4%
Secondhand smoke 37 0.21%
Low physical activity 53 0.31%
Diet low in fruits 473 2.75%
Diet low in vegetables 344 2%
Unsafe sex 6966 40.48%
High body-mass index (obesity) 473 2.75%
Household air pollution 1081 6.28%
Outdoor air pollution 822 4.78%
High total cholesterol 317 1.84%
High blood pressure 837 4.86%
High blood sugar 438 2.55%


Chad - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 87 0.46%
Drug use 48 0.26%
Alcohol use 1115 5.93%
No access to handwashing facility 783 4.17%
Poor sanitation 852 4.53%
Unsafe sex 1269 6.75%
Smoking 1345 7.16%
Secondhand smoke 85 0.45%
Unsafe water source 963 5.13%
Diet low in vegetables 802 4.27%
Diet low in fruits 1119 5.96%
Low physical activity 262 1.39%
Outdoor air pollution 1738 9.25%
Household air pollution 2349 12.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1028 5.47%
High blood sugar 1320 7.03%
High total cholesterol 786 4.18%
High blood pressure 2838 15.1%


Chad - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 265 1.48%
Drug use 12 0.07%
Alcohol use 353 1.97%
Smoking 1091 6.1%
Secondhand smoke 95 0.53%
Household air pollution 2683 14.99%
Outdoor air pollution 1959 10.95%
No access to handwashing facility 974 5.44%
Poor sanitation 1010 5.64%
Unsafe water source 1142 6.38%
Unsafe sex 149 0.83%
Low physical activity 469 2.62%
Diet low in vegetables 746 4.17%
Diet low in fruits 882 4.93%
High cholesterol 756 4.22%
High blood pressure 3263 18.23%
High blood sugar 1499 8.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 548 3.06%


Chad - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1062 | Deaths : 554 52.17%
Breast cancer Patients : 1789 | Deaths : 389 21.74%
Larynx cancer Patients : 131 | Deaths : 57 43.51%
Kidney cancer Patients : 612 | Deaths : 66 10.78%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 95 | Deaths : 21 22.11%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 77 28.84%
Stomach cancer Patients : 699 | Deaths : 619 88.56%
Uterine cancer Patients : 328 | Deaths : 90 27.44%
Bladder cancer Patients : 329 | Deaths : 114 34.65%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3660 | Deaths : 624 17.05%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1111 | Deaths : 444 39.96%
Testicular cancer Patients : 42 | Deaths : 12 28.57%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 245 | Deaths : 138 56.33%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 232 | Deaths : 194 83.62%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 71 | Deaths : 15 21.13%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 636 | Deaths : 294 46.23%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 20 31.25%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 351 | Deaths : 72 20.51%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 389 | Deaths : 162 41.65%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 387 | Deaths : 96 24.81%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 53 | Deaths : 37 69.81%


Chad - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 854 8.61%
5-14 year olds 220 2.22%
15-49 year olds 3132 31.58%
50-69 year olds 3821 38.52%
70+ year olds 1892 19.07%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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