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Cape Verde Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Cape Verde are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Cape Verde.

Highlights of Cape Verde BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Cape Verde average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Cape Verde average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Cape Verde, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 32.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Cape Verde
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Cape Verde

Diet Compositions in Cape Verde
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Cape Verde with 820 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 30% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Cape Verde.
    Major Cause of Death in Cape Verde
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 1352 deaths (year 2016).
  • 48.59% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Drowning and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 31% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Cape Verde (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Cape Verde - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Cape Verde are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Outdoor air pollution. Every year around 21 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Unsafe sex are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Cape Verde (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.33% of Cape Verde population was suffering from cancer i.e. 981 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 74) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 63 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 13% of survival chance.Cape Verde was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 435 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 85 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 74 people were dead. This means 87.06% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Cape Verde and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Cape Verde :
  • 0.33 % of Cape Verde population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Cape Verde
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cape Verde

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Cape Verde (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 74 2.69%
Cardiovascular diseases 820 29.81%
Kidney disease 63 2.29%
Respiratory disease 92 3.34%
Liver disease 78 2.84%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 185 6.73%
Digestive disease 45 1.64%
Hepatitis 5 0.18%
Cancers 489 17.78%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.22%
Fire 7 0.25%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 35 1.27%
Homicide 79 2.87%
HIV/AIDS 123 4.47%
Drug disorder 18 0.65%
Tuberculosis 37 1.35%
Road incidents 47 1.71%
Maternal deaths 4 0.15%
Neonatal deaths 121 4.4%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 34 1.24%
Liver disease 78 2.84%
Homicide 79 2.87%
Suicide 87 3.16%
Respiratory disease 92 3.34%
Neonatal deaths 121 4.4%
HIV/AIDS 123 4.47%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 185 6.73%
Lower respiratory infections 240.59364343 8.75%
Cancers 489 17.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 820 29.81%


Cape Verde - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 1.61%
Congenital birth defects 3 1.2%
Lower respiratory infections 3 1.2%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Cancers 9 3.61%
Homicide 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 121 48.59%
Drowning 3 1.2%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 1.2%
HIV/AIDS 4 1.61%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Road accidents 1 0.4%
Digestive diseases 5 2.01%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Measles 1 0.4%
Fire 4 1.61%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.4%
Liver disease 4 1.61%
Hepatitis 37 14.86%
Malaria 24 9.64%
Drug use disorders 1 0.4%
Natural disasters 21 8.43%


Cape Verde - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 4%
Homicide 2 8%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 4%
Road accidents 2 8%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 4 16%
Drowning 4 16%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 4 16%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2 8%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 1 4%
Cardiovascular disease 1 4%
Lower respiratory infections 3 12%


Cape Verde - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 56 10.09%
Homicide 62 11.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.72%
Diarrheal diseases 6 1.08%
Road accidents 24 4.32%
Tuberculosis 11 1.98%
HIV/AIDS 99 17.84%
Drowning 20 3.6%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.36%
Cancers 73 13.15%
Hepatitis 3 0.54%
Digestive diseases 10 1.8%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 27 4.86%
Liver disease 28 5.05%
Respiratory disease 11 1.98%
Kidney disease 13 2.34%
Cardiovascular disease 61 10.99%
Drug disorder 13 2.34%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.54%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 27 4.86%


Cape Verde - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 19 3.24%
Homicide 8 1.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.85%
Road accidents 9 1.54%
Tuberculosis 10 1.71%
HIV/AIDS 16 2.73%
Drowning 6 1.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.17%
Cancers 155 26.45%
Hepatitis 2 0.34%
Digestive diseases 11 1.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 44 7.51%
Liver disease 31 5.29%
Respiratory disease 20 3.41%
Kidney disease 15 2.56%
Cardiovascular diseases 179 30.55%
Dementia 3 0.51%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Drug disorder 3 0.51%
Alcohol disorder 2 0.34%
Lower respiratory infections 44 7.51%


Cape Verde - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 11 0.81%
Homicide 2 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.29%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 13 0.96%
Road accidents 9 0.66%
Tuberculosis 16 1.18%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.07%
Drowning 2 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.15%
Cancers 250 18.44%
Hepatitis 1 0.07%
Digestive diseases 22 1.62%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 109 8.04%
Liver disease 19 1.4%
Respiratory disease 61 4.5%
Kidney disease 33 2.43%
Cardiovascular disease 574 42.33%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.37%
Dementia 71 5.24%
Drug use disorders 3 0.22%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 143 10.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cape Verde
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 21 0.84%
Poor sanitation 16 0.64%
No access to handwashing facility 38 1.52%
Household air pollution 118 4.71%
Outdoor air pollution 238 9.49%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 0.16%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 22 0.88%
Child stunting 2 0.08%
Low birth weight 56 2.23%
Secondhand smoke 20 0.8%
Alcohol use 186 7.42%
Drug use 28 1.12%
Diet low in fruits 101 4.03%
Diet low in vegetables 86 3.43%
Unsafe sex 136 5.42%
Low physical activity 59 2.35%
High blood sugar 244 9.73%
High cholesterol 159 6.34%
High body-mass index (obesity) 213 8.5%
High blood pressure 547 21.82%
Smoking 201 8.02%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 12 0.48%


Cape Verde - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 3.51%
Child stunting 2 1.75%
Low birth weight 56 49.12%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 6 5.26%
Secondhand smoke 1 0.88%
Poor sanitation 4 3.51%
Unsafe water source 5 4.39%
Household air pollution 5 4.39%
Outdoor air pollution 9 7.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 22 19.3%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Cape Verde - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 20%
Unsafe water source 1 20%
Unsafe sex 1 20%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 1 20%
Outdoor air pollution 1 20%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Cape Verde - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 21 5.57%
Alcohol use 54 14.32%
No access to handwashing facility 5 1.33%
Unsafe water source 4 1.06%
Poor sanitation 3 0.8%
Smoking 21 5.57%
Secondhand smoke 2 0.53%
Low physical activity 2 0.53%
Diet low in fruits 14 3.71%
Diet low in vegetables 9 2.39%
Unsafe sex 101 26.79%
High body-mass index (obesity) 30 7.96%
Household air pollution 12 3.18%
Outdoor air pollution 24 6.37%
High total cholesterol 14 3.71%
High blood pressure 43 11.41%
High blood sugar 18 4.77%


Cape Verde - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.3%
Drug use 4 0.6%
Alcohol use 63 9.45%
No access to handwashing facility 7 1.05%
Poor sanitation 2 0.3%
Unsafe sex 26 3.9%
Smoking 73 10.94%
Secondhand smoke 5 0.75%
Unsafe water source 3 0.45%
Diet low in vegetables 24 3.6%
Diet low in fruits 33 4.95%
Low physical activity 11 1.65%
Outdoor air pollution 60 9%
Household air pollution 29 4.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 81 12.14%
High blood sugar 60 9%
High total cholesterol 45 6.75%
High blood pressure 139 20.84%


Cape Verde - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.67%
Drug use 3 0.22%
Alcohol use 68 5.06%
Smoking 106 7.89%
Secondhand smoke 13 0.97%
Household air pollution 71 5.28%
Outdoor air pollution 145 10.79%
No access to handwashing facility 20 1.49%
Poor sanitation 6 0.45%
Unsafe water source 8 0.6%
Unsafe sex 8 0.6%
Low physical activity 47 3.5%
Diet low in vegetables 53 3.94%
Diet low in fruits 54 4.02%
High cholesterol 100 7.44%
High blood pressure 366 27.23%
High blood sugar 166 12.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 101 7.51%


Cape Verde - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 21 47.73%
Breast cancer Patients : 155 | Deaths : 21 13.55%
Larynx cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 4 33.33%
Kidney cancer Patients : 60 | Deaths : 7 11.67%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 1 16.67%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 3 21.43%
Stomach cancer Patients : 85 | Deaths : 74 87.06%
Uterine cancer Patients : 30 | Deaths : 6 20%
Bladder cancer Patients : 46 | Deaths : 10 21.74%
Cervical cancer Patients : 165 | Deaths : 23 13.94%
Prostate cancer Patients : 240 | Deaths : 63 26.25%
Testicular cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 26 | Deaths : 17 65.38%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 46 | Deaths : 40 86.96%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 1 14.29%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 27 36%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 1 20%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 12 17.14%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 11 44%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 3 6.82%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 2 50%


Cape Verde - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 23 2.35%
5-14 year olds 6 0.61%
15-49 year olds 168 17.14%
50-69 year olds 348 35.51%
70+ year olds 435 44.39%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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