Cameroon Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Cameroon Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Cameroon are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Cameroon.

Highlights of Cameroon BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Cameroon gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 93.27%93.27%
    • Fat : 25.52%25.52%
    • Plant protein : 11.58%11.58%
    • Animal protein : 2.32%2.32%
  • 32.69% increase in caloric supply : Currently Cameroon gets 2671/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2013/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Cameroon
  • Maize, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Cameroon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Cameroon average intake is 293.26 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Cameroon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Cameroon average Fruit intake is 307.53grams
  • In Cameroon, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 29.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Cameroon is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Cameroon
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize325
2Rice239
3Sorghum238
4Wheat172
5Barley3
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Cameroon
Diet Compositions in Cameroon
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1011
2Starchy Roots433
3Oils & Fats407
4Fruits & Vegetables279
5Pulses201
6Sugar102
7Meat88
9Other33
10Dairy & Eggs29


Major Cause of Death



HIV/AIDS was major cause of death in Cameroon with 27980 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 14% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Cardiovascular diseases were highest types of death causes in Cameroon.
    Major Cause of Death in Cameroon
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 75662 deaths (year 2016).
  • 26.67% kids below age 5 years die due to Malaria.
  • Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 23% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Cameroon (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Cameroon - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Cameroon are Unsafe sex, Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution. Every year around 7771 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Unsafe sex are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Cameroon (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.22% of Cameroon population was suffering from cancer i.e. 23259 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 1390) and Liver cancer was also concerning with 1233 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 0% of survival chance.Cameroon was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 9427 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1392 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 1390 people were dead. This means 99.86% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Cameroon and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Cameroon :
  • 0.22 % of Cameroon population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Cameroon
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cameroon

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Cameroon (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1811 0.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 24819 12.17%
Kidney disease 2518 1.23%
Respiratory disease 4493 2.2%
Liver disease 5200 2.55%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 10155 4.98%
Digestive disease 3961 1.94%
Hepatitis 675 0.33%
Cancers 15336 7.52%
Parkinson's disease 147 0.07%
Fire 819 0.4%
Malaria 26244 12.87%
Drowning 1356 0.67%
Homicide 867 0.43%
HIV/AIDS 27980 13.72%
Drug disorder 279 0.14%
Tuberculosis 5594 2.74%
Road incidents 3725 1.83%
Maternal deaths 3806 1.87%
Neonatal deaths 17890 8.77%
Alcohol disorder 312 0.15%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 10460 5.13%
Liver disease 5200 2.55%
Tuberculosis 5594 2.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 10155 4.98%
Diarrheal diseases 10460 5.13%
Cancers 15336 7.52%
Neonatal deaths 17890 8.77%
Lower respiratory infections 20297.7115172 9.96%
Cardiovascular diseases 24819 12.17%
Malaria 26244 12.87%
HIV/AIDS 27980 13.72%



Cameroon - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 73 0.1%
Neonatal disorders 2489 3.44%
Lower respiratory infections 2584 3.57%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 57 0.08%
Neonatal infections 4893 6.76%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 17890 24.71%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 459 0.63%
HIV/AIDS 246 0.34%
Cardiovascular disease 901 1.24%
Road accidents 394 0.54%
Digestive diseases 19306 26.67%
Drowning 253 0.35%
Measles 266 0.37%
Cancers 80 0.11%
Fire 438 0.61%
Tuberculosis 1218 1.68%
Kidney disease 111 0.15%
Liver disease 218 0.3%
Hepatitis 488 0.67%
Homicide 6275 8.67%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9908 13.69%
Drug use disorders 312 0.43%
Natural disasters 3530 4.88%



Cameroon - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 43 0.61%
Homicide 40 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 119 1.69%
Protein-energy malnutrition 113 1.6%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.26%
Diarrheal diseases 504 7.15%
Road accidents 353 5.01%
Tuberculosis 80 1.13%
HIV/AIDS 1513 21.46%
Drowning 271 3.84%
Malaria 2111 29.94%
Fire 74 1.05%
Cancers 287 4.07%
Hepatitis 42 0.6%
Digestive diseases 116 1.65%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 413 5.86%
Liver disease 74 1.05%
Respiratory disease 61 0.87%
Kidney disease 94 1.33%
Cardiovascular disease 163 2.31%
Lower respiratory infections 562 7.97%


Cameroon - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1199 2.43%
Homicide 700 1.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 217 0.44%
Protein-energy malnutrition 159 0.32%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 128 0.26%
Diarrheal diseases 1604 3.25%
Road accidents 1813 3.67%
Tuberculosis 2211 4.48%
HIV/AIDS 21706 43.94%
Drowning 429 0.87%
Malaria 2332 4.72%
Fire 191 0.39%
Cancers 3584 7.25%
Hepatitis 375 0.76%
Digestive diseases 1082 2.19%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2375 4.81%
Liver disease 1940 3.93%
Respiratory disease 744 1.51%
Kidney disease 715 1.45%
Cardiovascular disease 3538 7.16%
Drug disorder 207 0.42%
Alcohol disorder 155 0.31%
Parkinson's disease 2 0%
Dementia 3 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1995 4.04%


Cameroon - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 597 1.67%
Homicide 46 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 181 0.51%
Protein-energy malnutrition 132 0.37%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 37 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 1377 3.84%
Road accidents 669 1.87%
Tuberculosis 1615 4.51%
HIV/AIDS 3561 9.94%
Drowning 146 0.41%
Malaria 1485 4.14%
Fire 142 0.4%
Cancers 6323 17.64%
Hepatitis 134 0.37%
Digestive diseases 1098 3.06%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2726 7.61%
Liver disease 2046 5.71%
Respiratory disease 1456 4.06%
Kidney disease 654 1.82%
Cardiovascular diseases 8148 22.74%
Dementia 165 0.46%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.04%
Drug disorder 43 0.12%
Alcohol disorder 108 0.3%
Lower respiratory infections 2934 8.19%


Cameroon - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 345 0.88%
Homicide 9 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 327 0.83%
Protein-energy malnutrition 283 0.72%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 28 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 2082 5.29%
Road accidents 432 1.1%
Tuberculosis 1442 3.66%
HIV/AIDS 298 0.76%
Drowning 117 0.3%
Malaria 1010 2.57%
Fire 160 0.41%
Cancers 4876 12.39%
Hepatitis 44 0.11%
Digestive diseases 1228 3.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3424 8.7%
Liver disease 1028 2.61%
Respiratory disease 2150 5.46%
Kidney disease 837 2.13%
Cardiovascular disease 12482 31.72%
Parkinson's disease 129 0.33%
Dementia 1642 4.17%
Drug use disorders 28 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 49 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 4899 12.45%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Cameroon
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 7771 4.62%
Poor sanitation 6456 3.84%
No access to handwashing facility 7354 4.37%
Household air pollution 14661 8.72%
Outdoor air pollution 15986 9.51%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1802 1.07%
Discontinued breastfeeding 132 0.08%
Child wasting 11448 6.81%
Child stunting 1912 1.14%
Low birth weight 8593 5.11%
Secondhand smoke 1350 0.8%
Alcohol use 9959 5.92%
Drug use 596 0.35%
Diet low in fruits 2523 1.5%
Diet low in vegetables 2151 1.28%
Unsafe sex 26777 15.93%
Low physical activity 1643 0.98%
High blood sugar 10551 6.28%
High cholesterol 3031 1.8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10808 6.43%
High blood pressure 14101 8.39%
Smoking 6681 3.97%
Iron deficiency 251 0.15%
Zinc deficiency 253 0.15%
Vitamin-A deficiency 308 0.18%
Low bone mineral density 999 0.59%


Cameroon - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 132 0.3%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1802 4.14%
Child stunting 1912 4.4%
Low birth weight 8593 19.76%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3498 8.04%
Secondhand smoke 529 1.22%
Poor sanitation 3020 6.94%
Unsafe water source 3643 8.38%
Household air pollution 4247 9.77%
Outdoor air pollution 4627 10.64%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.01%
High blood pressure 3 0.01%
High blood sugar 25 0.06%
Child wasting 11448 26.33%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Cameroon - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.09%
No access to handwashing facility 295 13.29%
Unsafe water source 375 16.89%
Unsafe sex 419 18.87%
Iron deficiency 248 11.17%
Secondhand smoke 30 1.35%
Household air pollution 248 11.17%
Outdoor air pollution 262 11.8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.14%
High blood sugar 24 1.08%
High blood pressure 2 0.09%
Poor sanitation 311 14.01%
Iron deficiency 1 0.05%


Cameroon - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 248 0.6%
Low bone mineral density 37 0.09%
Drug use 473 1.15%
Alcohol use 3305 8.02%
No access to handwashing facility 969 2.35%
Unsafe water source 1187 2.88%
Poor sanitation 990 2.4%
Smoking 1353 3.28%
Secondhand smoke 145 0.35%
Low physical activity 125 0.3%
Diet low in fruits 614 1.49%
Diet low in vegetables 441 1.07%
Unsafe sex 21728 52.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2162 5.25%
Household air pollution 1791 4.35%
Outdoor air pollution 1982 4.81%
High total cholesterol 589 1.43%
High blood pressure 2042 4.95%
High blood sugar 1032 2.5%


Cameroon - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 207 0.52%
Drug use 86 0.22%
Alcohol use 3852 9.73%
No access to handwashing facility 1006 2.54%
Poor sanitation 850 2.15%
Unsafe sex 4121 10.41%
Smoking 3115 7.87%
Secondhand smoke 267 0.67%
Unsafe water source 1020 2.58%
Diet low in vegetables 816 2.06%
Diet low in fruits 1017 2.57%
Low physical activity 502 1.27%
Outdoor air pollution 3916 9.9%
Household air pollution 3571 9.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4887 12.35%
High blood sugar 3779 9.55%
High total cholesterol 1166 2.95%
High blood pressure 5395 13.63%


Cameroon - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 755 1.83%
Drug use 37 0.09%
Alcohol use 2799 6.78%
Smoking 2214 5.36%
Secondhand smoke 380 0.92%
Household air pollution 4805 11.64%
Outdoor air pollution 5199 12.59%
No access to handwashing facility 1587 3.84%
Poor sanitation 1284 3.11%
Unsafe water source 1546 3.74%
Unsafe sex 509 1.23%
Low physical activity 1016 2.46%
Diet low in vegetables 894 2.17%
Diet low in fruits 892 2.16%
High cholesterol 1277 3.09%
High blood pressure 6658 16.12%
High blood sugar 5691 13.78%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3750 9.08%


Cameroon - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2834 | Deaths : 1233 43.51%
Breast cancer Patients : 5434 | Deaths : 1089 20.04%
Larynx cancer Patients : 360 | Deaths : 165 45.83%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1508 | Deaths : 177 11.74%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 248 | Deaths : 46 18.55%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 689 | Deaths : 200 29.03%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1392 | Deaths : 1390 99.86%
Uterine cancer Patients : 817 | Deaths : 209 25.58%
Bladder cancer Patients : 971 | Deaths : 302 31.1%
Cervical cancer Patients : 6775 | Deaths : 1162 17.15%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2949 | Deaths : 1123 38.08%
Testicular cancer Patients : 79 | Deaths : 21 26.58%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 677 | Deaths : 342 50.52%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 623 | Deaths : 466 74.8%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 133 | Deaths : 29 21.8%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1939 | Deaths : 939 48.43%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 153 | Deaths : 46 30.07%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 798 | Deaths : 170 21.3%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 886 | Deaths : 432 48.76%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 892 | Deaths : 213 23.88%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 98 90.74%


Cameroon - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1347 5.79%
5-14 year olds 339 1.46%
15-49 year olds 7040 30.27%
50-69 year olds 9427 40.53%
70+ year olds 5107 21.96%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->