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Brunei Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Brunei are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Brunei.

Highlights of Brunei BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Brunei gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 96.99%96.99%
    • Fat : 38.60%38.60%
    • Animal protein : 11.00%11.00%
    • Plant protein : 8.40%8.40%
  • 54.98% increase in caloric supply : Currently Brunei gets 2985/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1926/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Brunei
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Brunei
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Brunei average intake is 247.26 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Brunei
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Brunei average Fruit intake is 209.62grams
  • In Brunei, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 42.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Brunei is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Brunei
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice749
2Wheat444
3Maize101
4Oats6
5Barley2
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Brunei
Diet Compositions in Brunei
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1314
2Meat399
3Sugar381
4Oils & Fats356
5Dairy & Eggs200
6Fruits & Vegetables145
7Other123
8Starchy Roots45
9Pulses12
10Alcoholic Beverages10


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Brunei with 481 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 30% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Brunei.
    Major Cause of Death in Brunei
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 659 deaths (year 2016).
  • 35.19% kids below age 5 years die due to Congenital birth defects.
  • Cancers, Drowning and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 33% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Brunei (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Brunei - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Brunei are High blood sugar, High blood pressure and Smoking. Every year around 0 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Secondhand smoke and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High blood pressure and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Brunei (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



1.11% of Brunei population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3287 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 54) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 32 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 0% of survival chance.Brunei was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1520 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 609 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 54 people were dead. This means 8.87% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Brunei and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Brunei :
  • 1.11 % of Brunei population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Brunei
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Brunei

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Brunei (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 61 3.74%
Cardiovascular diseases 481 29.47%
Kidney disease 58 3.55%
Respiratory disease 100 6.13%
Liver disease 22 1.35%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 242 14.83%
Digestive disease 30 1.84%
Hepatitis 2 0.12%
Cancers 412 25.24%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.31%
Fire 6 0.37%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 16 0.98%
Homicide 5 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.25%
Drug disorder 1 0.06%
Tuberculosis 16 0.98%
Road incidents 57 3.49%
Maternal deaths 2 0.12%
Neonatal deaths 19 1.16%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.18%
Liver disease 22 1.35%
Digestive disease 30 1.84%
Road incidents 57 3.5%
Kidney disease 58 3.56%
Dementia 61 3.74%
Lower respiratory infections 62.6854735409 3.85%
Respiratory disease 100 6.13%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 242 14.85%
Cancers 412 25.27%
Cardiovascular diseases 481 29.51%



Brunei - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Neonatal disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Road accidents 19 35.19%
Drowning 1 1.85%
Homicide 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.85%
Fire 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Tuberculosis 2 3.7%
Hepatitis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 5.56%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 3.7%
Measles 19 35.19%
Drug use disorders 4 7.41%
Natural disasters 0 0%
3 5.56%



Brunei - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 2 20%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 20%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 3 30%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 10%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 1 10%
Lower respiratory infections 1 10%


Brunei - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 4.58%
Homicide 3 0.98%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 38 12.42%
Tuberculosis 4 1.31%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.98%
Drowning 8 2.61%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.65%
Cancers 86 28.1%
Hepatitis 1 0.33%
Digestive diseases 5 1.63%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 35 11.44%
Liver disease 6 1.96%
Respiratory disease 9 2.94%
Kidney disease 9 2.94%
Cardiovascular disease 76 24.84%
Drug disorder 1 0.33%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 6 1.96%


Brunei - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5 0.83%
Homicide 1 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.17%
Road accidents 12 2%
Tuberculosis 6 1%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.17%
Drowning 3 0.5%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.17%
Cancers 200 33.33%
Hepatitis 1 0.17%
Digestive diseases 10 1.67%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 97 16.17%
Liver disease 11 1.83%
Respiratory disease 29 4.83%
Kidney disease 21 3.5%
Cardiovascular diseases 178 29.67%
Dementia 7 1.17%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.17%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 15 2.5%


Brunei - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.15%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.15%
Road accidents 5 0.75%
Tuberculosis 6 0.9%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 0.3%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.15%
Cancers 121 18.09%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 14 2.09%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 106 15.84%
Liver disease 4 0.6%
Respiratory disease 61 9.12%
Kidney disease 27 4.04%
Cardiovascular disease 225 33.63%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.6%
Dementia 54 8.07%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 37 5.53%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Brunei
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.07%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 39 2.63%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 0.07%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 2 0.13%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 8 0.54%
Secondhand smoke 24 1.62%
Alcohol use 14 0.94%
Drug use 6 0.4%
Diet low in fruits 74 4.99%
Diet low in vegetables 60 4.05%
Unsafe sex 17 1.15%
Low physical activity 46 3.1%
High blood sugar 369 24.9%
High cholesterol 147 9.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 168 11.34%
High blood pressure 284 19.16%
Smoking 213 14.37%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.61%


Brunei - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 8.33%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 8 66.67%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 8.33%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 2 16.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Brunei - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Brunei - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.42%
Drug use 4 1.67%
Alcohol use 5 2.09%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 34 14.23%
Secondhand smoke 4 1.67%
Low physical activity 5 2.09%
Diet low in fruits 17 7.11%
Diet low in vegetables 14 5.86%
Unsafe sex 7 2.93%
High body-mass index (obesity) 36 15.06%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 7 2.93%
High total cholesterol 32 13.39%
High blood pressure 36 15.06%
High blood sugar 37 15.48%


Brunei - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.47%
Drug use 2 0.31%
Alcohol use 6 0.94%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 7 1.09%
Smoking 93 14.51%
Secondhand smoke 10 1.56%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 26 4.06%
Diet low in fruits 34 5.3%
Low physical activity 16 2.5%
Outdoor air pollution 16 2.5%
Household air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 85 13.26%
High blood sugar 165 25.74%
High total cholesterol 63 9.83%
High blood pressure 115 17.94%


Brunei - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.85%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.34%
Smoking 86 14.68%
Secondhand smoke 9 1.54%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 16 2.73%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 2 0.34%
Low physical activity 24 4.1%
Diet low in vegetables 20 3.41%
Diet low in fruits 23 3.92%
High cholesterol 52 8.87%
High blood pressure 134 22.87%
High blood sugar 167 28.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 46 7.85%


Brunei - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 38 | Deaths : 31 81.58%
Breast cancer Patients : 816 | Deaths : 32 3.92%
Larynx cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 3 8.57%
Kidney cancer Patients : 77 | Deaths : 7 9.09%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 156 | Deaths : 2 1.28%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 79 | Deaths : 11 13.92%
Stomach cancer Patients : 125 | Deaths : 30 24%
Uterine cancer Patients : 98 | Deaths : 3 3.06%
Bladder cancer Patients : 92 | Deaths : 6 6.52%
Cervical cancer Patients : 198 | Deaths : 13 6.57%
Prostate cancer Patients : 278 | Deaths : 12 4.32%
Testicular cancer Patients : 79 | Deaths : 1 1.27%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 13 | Deaths : 13 100%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 6 54.55%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 7 20%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 609 | Deaths : 54 8.87%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 1 25%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 103 | Deaths : 10 9.71%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 83 | Deaths : 12 14.46%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 155 | Deaths : 8 5.16%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 8 | Deaths : 6 75%


Brunei - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 72 2.19%
5-14 year olds 35 1.06%
15-49 year olds 1069 32.52%
50-69 year olds 1520 46.24%
70+ year olds 591 17.98%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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