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Botswana Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Botswana are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Botswana.

Highlights of Botswana BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Botswana gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 74.50%74.50%
    • Fat : 30.08%30.08%
    • Plant protein : 7.78%7.78%
    • Animal protein : 5.35%5.35%
  • 17.71% increase in caloric supply : Currently Botswana gets 2326/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1976/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Botswana
  • Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Botswana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Botswana average intake is 106.27 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Plantains are three major Fruit Types Intake in Botswana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Botswana average Fruit intake is 181.12grams
  • In Botswana, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 38.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Botswana is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Botswana
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize335
2Wheat332
3Sorghum173
4Rice69
5Barley10
6Rye9
7Oats1

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Botswana
Diet Compositions in Botswana
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains968
2Oils & Fats334
3Sugar284
4Dairy & Eggs212
5Starchy Roots133
6Meat115
7Fruits & Vegetables84
8Alcoholic Beverages82
9Other62
10Pulses52


Major Cause of Death



HIV/AIDS was major cause of death in Botswana with 4876 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 29% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers were highest types of death causes in Botswana.
    Major Cause of Death in Botswana
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 7404 deaths (year 2016).
  • 42.46% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Diarrheal diseases and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, HIV/AIDS and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 23% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Botswana (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Botswana - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Botswana are Unsafe sex, High blood sugar and High blood pressure. Every year around 386 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Unsafe sex, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Botswana (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.43% of Botswana population was suffering from cancer i.e. 5314 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 153) and Esophageal cancer was also concerning with 136 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 8% of survival chance.Botswana was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 2430 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1278 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 153 people were dead. This means 11.97% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Botswana and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Botswana :
  • 0.43 % of Botswana population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Botswana
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Botswana

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Botswana (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 189 1.14%
Cardiovascular diseases 2879 17.33%
Kidney disease 241 1.45%
Respiratory disease 621 3.74%
Liver disease 198 1.19%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1453 8.74%
Digestive disease 257 1.55%
Hepatitis 9 0.05%
Cancers 1574 9.47%
Parkinson's disease 15 0.09%
Fire 83 0.5%
Malaria 23 0.14%
Drowning 71 0.43%
Homicide 292 1.76%
HIV/AIDS 4876 29.34%
Drug disorder 63 0.38%
Tuberculosis 844 5.08%
Road incidents 425 2.56%
Maternal deaths 38 0.23%
Neonatal deaths 335 2.02%
Alcohol disorder 39 0.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 579 3.48%
Suicide 346 2.08%
Road incidents 425 2.56%
Diarrheal diseases 579 3.48%
Respiratory disease 621 3.74%
Tuberculosis 844 5.08%
Lower respiratory infections 924.621747547 5.56%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1453 8.74%
Cancers 1574 9.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 2879 17.33%
HIV/AIDS 4876 29.34%



Botswana - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 3 0.38%
Diarrheal diseases 28 3.55%
Lower respiratory infections 29 3.68%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 173 21.93%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 335 42.46%
HIV/AIDS 8 1.01%
Tuberculosis 10 1.27%
Road accidents 11 1.39%
Cancers 4 0.51%
Measles 4 0.51%
Digestive diseases 5 0.63%
Fire 7 0.89%
Drowning 0 0%
Malaria 5 0.63%
Cardiovascular disease 11 1.39%
Homicide 1 0.13%
Kidney disease 1 0.13%
Liver disease 3 0.38%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 42 5.32%
Hepatitis 66 8.37%
Drug use disorders 5 0.63%
Natural disasters 37 4.69%



Botswana - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.66%
Homicide 4 2.65%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 1.32%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.66%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.66%
Diarrheal diseases 25 16.56%
Road accidents 21 13.91%
Tuberculosis 7 4.64%
HIV/AIDS 34 22.52%
Drowning 7 4.64%
Malaria 2 1.32%
Fire 3 1.99%
Cancers 12 7.95%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 1.99%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4 2.65%
Liver disease 1 0.66%
Respiratory disease 2 1.32%
Kidney disease 1 0.66%
Cardiovascular disease 4 2.65%
Lower respiratory infections 16 10.6%


Botswana - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 266 3.77%
Homicide 259 3.68%
Nutritional deficiencies 15 0.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 156 2.21%
Road accidents 302 4.29%
Tuberculosis 382 5.42%
HIV/AIDS 3912 55.51%
Drowning 43 0.61%
Malaria 13 0.18%
Fire 45 0.64%
Cancers 355 5.04%
Hepatitis 4 0.06%
Digestive diseases 80 1.14%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 312 4.43%
Liver disease 69 0.98%
Respiratory disease 74 1.05%
Kidney disease 57 0.81%
Cardiovascular disease 338 4.8%
Drug disorder 55 0.78%
Alcohol disorder 16 0.23%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 270 3.83%


Botswana - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 63 1.32%
Homicide 23 0.48%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 101 2.12%
Road accidents 73 1.53%
Tuberculosis 325 6.82%
HIV/AIDS 864 18.12%
Drowning 14 0.29%
Malaria 4 0.08%
Fire 18 0.38%
Cancers 724 15.18%
Hepatitis 3 0.06%
Digestive diseases 84 1.76%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 609 12.77%
Liver disease 94 1.97%
Respiratory disease 217 4.55%
Kidney disease 89 1.87%
Cardiovascular diseases 1088 22.82%
Dementia 19 0.4%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.04%
Drug disorder 5 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 21 0.44%
Lower respiratory infections 299 6.27%


Botswana - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 16 0.42%
Homicide 3 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.24%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 123 3.22%
Road accidents 21 0.55%
Tuberculosis 120 3.14%
HIV/AIDS 55 1.44%
Drowning 3 0.08%
Malaria 2 0.05%
Fire 12 0.31%
Cancers 475 12.44%
Hepatitis 1 0.03%
Digestive diseases 86 2.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 517 13.54%
Liver disease 34 0.89%
Respiratory disease 326 8.54%
Kidney disease 94 2.46%
Cardiovascular disease 1446 37.86%
Parkinson's disease 13 0.34%
Dementia 169 4.43%
Drug use disorders 2 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 274 7.17%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Botswana
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 386 2.14%
Poor sanitation 305 1.69%
No access to handwashing facility 283 1.57%
Household air pollution 450 2.49%
Outdoor air pollution 602 3.33%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 35 0.19%
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.04%
Child wasting 185 1.02%
Child stunting 25 0.14%
Low birth weight 143 0.79%
Secondhand smoke 262 1.45%
Alcohol use 1511 8.37%
Drug use 192 1.06%
Diet low in fruits 563 3.12%
Diet low in vegetables 373 2.07%
Unsafe sex 4897 27.12%
Low physical activity 223 1.23%
High blood sugar 2060 11.41%
High cholesterol 549 3.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1636 9.06%
High blood pressure 2009 11.12%
Smoking 1308 7.24%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 6 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 9 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 39 0.22%


Botswana - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 1%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 35 5.01%
Child stunting 25 3.58%
Low birth weight 143 20.49%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 64 9.17%
Secondhand smoke 8 1.15%
Poor sanitation 92 13.18%
Unsafe water source 115 16.48%
Household air pollution 11 1.58%
Outdoor air pollution 13 1.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 185 26.5%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Botswana - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 10 16.67%
Unsafe water source 17 28.33%
Unsafe sex 10 16.67%
Iron deficiency 1 1.67%
Secondhand smoke 2 3.33%
Household air pollution 3 5%
Outdoor air pollution 3 5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 1.67%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 13 21.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Botswana - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 6 0.09%
Drug use 148 2.28%
Alcohol use 661 10.18%
No access to handwashing facility 78 1.2%
Unsafe water source 104 1.6%
Poor sanitation 82 1.26%
Smoking 283 4.36%
Secondhand smoke 38 0.59%
Low physical activity 18 0.28%
Diet low in fruits 102 1.57%
Diet low in vegetables 62 0.95%
Unsafe sex 3874 59.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 287 4.42%
Household air pollution 87 1.34%
Outdoor air pollution 110 1.69%
High total cholesterol 84 1.29%
High blood pressure 228 3.51%
High blood sugar 240 3.7%


Botswana - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.22%
Drug use 36 0.58%
Alcohol use 618 9.87%
No access to handwashing facility 63 1.01%
Poor sanitation 53 0.85%
Unsafe sex 923 14.75%
Smoking 674 10.77%
Secondhand smoke 96 1.53%
Unsafe water source 68 1.09%
Diet low in vegetables 164 2.62%
Diet low in fruits 271 4.33%
Low physical activity 80 1.28%
Outdoor air pollution 240 3.83%
Household air pollution 175 2.8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 847 13.53%
High blood sugar 901 14.4%
High total cholesterol 226 3.61%
High blood pressure 810 12.94%


Botswana - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 19 0.42%
Drug use 8 0.18%
Alcohol use 230 5.08%
Smoking 351 7.75%
Secondhand smoke 118 2.6%
Household air pollution 172 3.8%
Outdoor air pollution 236 5.21%
No access to handwashing facility 68 1.5%
Poor sanitation 65 1.43%
Unsafe water source 82 1.81%
Unsafe sex 91 2.01%
Low physical activity 125 2.76%
Diet low in vegetables 147 3.24%
Diet low in fruits 189 4.17%
High cholesterol 239 5.27%
High blood pressure 971 21.43%
High blood sugar 918 20.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 502 11.08%


Botswana - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 93 | Deaths : 38 40.86%
Breast cancer Patients : 1255 | Deaths : 116 9.24%
Larynx cancer Patients : 107 | Deaths : 26 24.3%
Kidney cancer Patients : 163 | Deaths : 15 9.2%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 115 | Deaths : 5 4.35%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 144 | Deaths : 28 19.44%
Stomach cancer Patients : 86 | Deaths : 68 79.07%
Uterine cancer Patients : 161 | Deaths : 14 8.7%
Bladder cancer Patients : 184 | Deaths : 24 13.04%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1278 | Deaths : 153 11.97%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1006 | Deaths : 124 12.33%
Testicular cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 2 6.9%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 65 | Deaths : 42 64.62%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 136 91.89%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 8 24.24%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 370 | Deaths : 92 24.86%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 53 | Deaths : 30 56.6%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 41 15.36%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 30 42.86%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 216 | Deaths : 13 6.02%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 9 90%


Botswana - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 84 1.58%
5-14 year olds 31 0.58%
15-49 year olds 1645 30.96%
50-69 year olds 2430 45.73%
70+ year olds 1124 21.15%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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