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Bhutan Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Bhutan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Bhutan.

Highlights of Bhutan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Bhutan average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Bhutan average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Bhutan, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 25.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Bhutan is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Bhutan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Bhutan

Diet Compositions in Bhutan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Bhutan with 1141 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease were the highest types of death causes in Bhutan.
    Major Cause of Death in Bhutan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 1659 deaths (year 2016).
  • 53.65% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Lower respiratory infections, Road accidents and Malaria are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 38% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Bhutan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Bhutan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Bhutan are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Outdoor air pollution. Every year around 36 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High total cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High total cholesterol are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Bhutan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.16% of Bhutan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 770 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 30) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 26 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Bhutan was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 91% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 327 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 40 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 30 people were dead. This means 75% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Bhutan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Bhutan :
  • 0.16 % of Bhutan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Bhutan
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bhutan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Bhutan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 100 2.71%
Cardiovascular diseases 1141 30.94%
Kidney disease 116 3.15%
Respiratory disease 379 10.28%
Liver disease 118 3.2%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 355 9.63%
Digestive disease 93 2.52%
Hepatitis 17 0.46%
Cancers 386 10.47%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.3%
Fire 10 0.27%
Malaria 18 0.49%
Drowning 25 0.68%
Homicide 11 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 39 1.06%
Drug disorder 6 0.16%
Tuberculosis 53 1.44%
Road incidents 82 2.22%
Maternal deaths 26 0.7%
Neonatal deaths 250 6.78%
Alcohol disorder 12 0.33%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 78 2.11%
Digestive disease 93 2.52%
Dementia 100 2.71%
Kidney disease 116 3.15%
Liver disease 118 3.2%
Lower respiratory infections 212.639069399 5.77%
Neonatal deaths 250 6.78%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 355 9.63%
Respiratory disease 379 10.28%
Cancers 386 10.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 1141 30.94%


Bhutan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 4 0.86%
Congenital birth defects 6 1.29%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Malaria 15 3.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 250 53.65%
Drowning 3 0.64%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.21%
Measles 1 0.21%
Digestive diseases 5 1.07%
Cancers 7 1.5%
Road accidents 1 0.21%
Hepatitis 3 0.64%
Cardiovascular disease 2 0.43%
Liver disease 3 0.64%
HIV/AIDS 5 1.07%
Fire 2 0.43%
Kidney disease 1 0.21%
Tuberculosis 2 0.43%
Homicide 55 11.8%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 76 16.31%
Drug use disorders 3 0.64%
Natural disasters 21 4.51%


Bhutan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 2.38%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 4.76%
Road accidents 6 14.29%
Tuberculosis 1 2.38%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 4 9.52%
Malaria 5 11.9%
Fire 1 2.38%
Cancers 5 11.9%
Hepatitis 1 2.38%
Digestive diseases 2 4.76%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 7.14%
Liver disease 1 2.38%
Respiratory disease 1 2.38%
Kidney disease 1 2.38%
Cardiovascular disease 2 4.76%
Lower respiratory infections 6 14.29%


Bhutan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 36 5.7%
Homicide 9 1.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.16%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 7 1.11%
Road accidents 56 8.86%
Tuberculosis 18 2.85%
HIV/AIDS 32 5.06%
Drowning 12 1.9%
Malaria 3 0.47%
Fire 5 0.79%
Cancers 91 14.4%
Hepatitis 7 1.11%
Digestive diseases 25 3.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 52 8.23%
Liver disease 49 7.75%
Respiratory disease 31 4.91%
Kidney disease 27 4.27%
Cardiovascular disease 143 22.63%
Drug disorder 4 0.63%
Alcohol disorder 7 1.11%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 16 2.53%


Bhutan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 1.01%
Homicide 1 0.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 10 1.12%
Road accidents 12 1.35%
Tuberculosis 16 1.8%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.56%
Drowning 2 0.22%
Malaria 1 0.11%
Fire 1 0.11%
Cancers 155 17.44%
Hepatitis 3 0.34%
Digestive diseases 27 3.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 91 10.24%
Liver disease 40 4.5%
Respiratory disease 100 11.25%
Kidney disease 36 4.05%
Cardiovascular diseases 339 38.13%
Dementia 7 0.79%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.11%
Drug disorder 1 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 4 0.45%
Lower respiratory infections 27 3.04%


Bhutan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 0.25%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 45 2.76%
Road accidents 6 0.37%
Tuberculosis 18 1.1%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.06%
Drowning 2 0.12%
Malaria 1 0.06%
Fire 2 0.12%
Cancers 132 8.1%
Hepatitis 3 0.18%
Digestive diseases 36 2.21%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 204 12.52%
Liver disease 26 1.6%
Respiratory disease 245 15.03%
Kidney disease 52 3.19%
Cardiovascular disease 655 40.18%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.61%
Dementia 93 5.71%
Drug use disorders 1 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 1 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 88 5.4%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bhutan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 36 1.04%
Poor sanitation 36 1.04%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.55%
Household air pollution 180 5.19%
Outdoor air pollution 361 10.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 0.29%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 54 1.56%
Child stunting 10 0.29%
Low birth weight 114 3.29%
Secondhand smoke 73 2.1%
Alcohol use 122 3.52%
Drug use 11 0.32%
Diet low in fruits 178 5.13%
Diet low in vegetables 144 4.15%
Unsafe sex 50 1.44%
Low physical activity 84 2.42%
High blood sugar 474 13.66%
High cholesterol 351 10.12%
High body-mass index (obesity) 294 8.47%
High blood pressure 677 19.51%
Smoking 142 4.09%
Iron deficiency 3 0.09%
Zinc deficiency 1 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 45 1.3%


Bhutan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 3.95%
Child stunting 10 3.95%
Low birth weight 114 45.06%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5 1.98%
Secondhand smoke 7 2.77%
Poor sanitation 7 2.77%
Unsafe water source 7 2.77%
Household air pollution 14 5.53%
Outdoor air pollution 25 9.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 54 21.34%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Bhutan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 11.11%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 3 33.33%
Secondhand smoke 1 11.11%
Household air pollution 1 11.11%
Outdoor air pollution 2 22.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 11.11%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Bhutan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.57%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.19%
Drug use 8 1.53%
Alcohol use 39 7.46%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.38%
Unsafe water source 3 0.57%
Poor sanitation 3 0.57%
Smoking 28 5.35%
Secondhand smoke 7 1.34%
Low physical activity 6 1.15%
Diet low in fruits 35 6.69%
Diet low in vegetables 29 5.54%
Unsafe sex 35 6.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 59 11.28%
Household air pollution 23 4.4%
Outdoor air pollution 46 8.8%
High total cholesterol 71 13.58%
High blood pressure 79 15.11%
High blood sugar 46 8.8%


Bhutan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 6 0.55%
Drug use 2 0.18%
Alcohol use 47 4.33%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.18%
Poor sanitation 4 0.37%
Unsafe sex 12 1.11%
Smoking 58 5.35%
Secondhand smoke 19 1.75%
Unsafe water source 5 0.46%
Diet low in vegetables 52 4.79%
Diet low in fruits 67 6.18%
Low physical activity 23 2.12%
Outdoor air pollution 107 9.86%
Household air pollution 52 4.79%
High body-mass index (obesity) 123 11.34%
High blood sugar 141 13%
High total cholesterol 140 12.9%
High blood pressure 225 20.74%


Bhutan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 38 2.38%
Drug use 1 0.06%
Alcohol use 37 2.32%
Smoking 55 3.44%
Secondhand smoke 39 2.44%
Household air pollution 89 5.57%
Outdoor air pollution 180 11.26%
No access to handwashing facility 10 0.63%
Poor sanitation 20 1.25%
Unsafe water source 20 1.25%
Unsafe sex 4 0.25%
Low physical activity 55 3.44%
Diet low in vegetables 63 3.94%
Diet low in fruits 76 4.76%
High cholesterol 140 8.76%
High blood pressure 373 23.34%
High blood sugar 286 17.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 112 7.01%


Bhutan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 8 33.33%
Breast cancer Patients : 194 | Deaths : 25 12.89%
Larynx cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 10 30.3%
Kidney cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 3 12%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 45 | Deaths : 4 8.89%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 32 | Deaths : 7 21.88%
Stomach cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 30 75%
Uterine cancer Patients : 20 | Deaths : 3 15%
Bladder cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 6 20.69%
Cervical cancer Patients : 103 | Deaths : 14 13.59%
Prostate cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 14 21.21%
Testicular cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 1 16.67%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 9 64.29%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 22 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 4 22.22%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 82 | Deaths : 26 31.71%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 1 50%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 159 | Deaths : 25 15.72%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 27 | Deaths : 12 44.44%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 32 | Deaths : 11 34.38%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 8 36.36%


Bhutan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 7 0.91%
5-14 year olds 8 1.04%
15-49 year olds 206 26.75%
50-69 year olds 327 42.47%
70+ year olds 222 28.83%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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