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Belgium Health

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Causes of death across Belgium are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Belgium.

Highlights of Belgium BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Belgium gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 64.10%64.10%
    • Fat : 49.98%49.98%
    • Animal protein : 7.95%7.95%
    • Plant protein : 5.67%5.67%
  • 27.71% increase in caloric supply : Currently Belgium gets 3733/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2923/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Oils & Fats, Cereals & Grains and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Belgium
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Belgium
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Belgium average intake is 373.73 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Grapes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Belgium
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Belgium average Fruit intake is 195.53grams
  • In Belgium, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 64.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Belgium is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Belgium
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat792
2Rice90
3Maize14
4Rye4
5Barley3
6Oats1
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Belgium
Diet Compositions in Belgium
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Oils & Fats988
2Cereals & Grains905
3Sugar496
4Dairy & Eggs428
5Meat313
6Fruits & Vegetables203
7Starchy Roots172
8Alcoholic Beverages171
9Other34
10Pulses23


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Belgium with 34354 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were highest types of death causes in Belgium.
    Major Cause of Death in Belgium
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 86695 deaths (year 2016).
  • 44.63% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Suicide and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 50% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Belgium (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Belgium - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Belgium are High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 43 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Belgium (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



1.41% of Belgium population was suffering from cancer i.e. 231260 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 3725) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 2605 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Liver cancer have 7% of survival chance.Belgium was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 109835 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 34155 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 3725 people were dead. This means 10.91% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Belgium and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Belgium :
  • 1.41 % of Belgium population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Belgium
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Belgium

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Belgium (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 12590 11.44%
Cardiovascular diseases 34354 31.23%
Kidney disease 2167 1.97%
Respiratory disease 7029 6.39%
Liver disease 1917 1.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5595 5.09%
Digestive disease 3085 2.8%
Hepatitis 50 0.05%
Cancers 30819 28.01%
Parkinson's disease 975 0.89%
Fire 192 0.17%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 92 0.08%
Homicide 153 0.14%
HIV/AIDS 55 0.05%
Drug disorder 252 0.23%
Tuberculosis 92 0.08%
Road incidents 1105 1%
Maternal deaths 9 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 191 0.17%
Alcohol disorder 478 0.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 678 0.62%
Liver disease 1917 1.74%
Kidney disease 2167 1.97%
Suicide 2254 2.05%
Digestive disease 3085 2.8%
Lower respiratory infections 5162.39495868 4.69%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5595 5.09%
Respiratory disease 7029 6.39%
Dementia 12590 11.44%
Cancers 30819 28.01%
Cardiovascular diseases 34354 31.23%



Belgium - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 7 1.64%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 6 1.4%
Road accidents 0 0%
Homicide 191 44.63%
Cardiovascular disease 9 2.1%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.23%
Fire 5 1.17%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Kidney disease 5 1.17%
HIV/AIDS 17 3.97%
Liver disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.7%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 4.44%
Tuberculosis 1 0.23%
Hepatitis 2 0.47%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 1.4%
Measles 130 30.37%
Drug use disorders 12 2.8%
Natural disasters 0 0%
14 3.27%



Belgium - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 4.71%
Homicide 4 4.71%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 20 23.53%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 1.18%
Drowning 4 4.71%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 3 3.53%
Cancers 30 35.29%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.18%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8 9.41%
Liver disease 1 1.18%
Respiratory disease 2 2.35%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 4 4.71%
Lower respiratory infections 3 3.53%


Belgium - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 992 24.32%
Homicide 78 1.91%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 7 0.17%
Road accidents 454 11.13%
Tuberculosis 5 0.12%
HIV/AIDS 29 0.71%
Drowning 27 0.66%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 22 0.54%
Cancers 1215 29.79%
Hepatitis 3 0.07%
Digestive diseases 63 1.54%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 105 2.57%
Liver disease 192 4.71%
Respiratory disease 66 1.62%
Kidney disease 21 0.51%
Cardiovascular disease 496 12.16%
Drug disorder 126 3.09%
Alcohol disorder 105 2.57%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.05%
Dementia 7 0.17%
Lower respiratory infections 56 1.37%


Belgium - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 823 4.06%
Homicide 41 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.18%
Road accidents 242 1.19%
Tuberculosis 18 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 22 0.11%
Drowning 34 0.17%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 30 0.15%
Cancers 10214 50.35%
Hepatitis 13 0.06%
Digestive diseases 414 2.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 671 3.31%
Liver disease 917 4.52%
Respiratory disease 1144 5.64%
Kidney disease 176 0.87%
Cardiovascular diseases 4251 20.96%
Dementia 307 1.51%
Parkinson's disease 56 0.28%
Drug disorder 53 0.26%
Alcohol disorder 280 1.38%
Lower respiratory infections 507 2.5%


Belgium - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 436 0.51%
Homicide 23 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 293 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 239 0.28%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 64 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 629 0.74%
Road accidents 381 0.45%
Tuberculosis 69 0.08%
HIV/AIDS 2 0%
Drowning 23 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 132 0.15%
Cancers 19343 22.7%
Hepatitis 33 0.04%
Digestive diseases 2605 3.06%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4792 5.62%
Liver disease 807 0.95%
Respiratory disease 5816 6.83%
Kidney disease 1969 2.31%
Cardiovascular disease 29598 34.74%
Parkinson's disease 918 1.08%
Dementia 12276 14.41%
Drug use disorders 73 0.09%
Alcohol use disorders 93 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 4585 5.38%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Belgium
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 43 0.05%
Poor sanitation 19 0.02%
No access to handwashing facility 56 0.06%
Household air pollution 56 0.06%
Outdoor air pollution 4938 5.64%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 5 0.01%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 71 0.08%
Secondhand smoke 785 0.9%
Alcohol use 7130 8.15%
Drug use 786 0.9%
Diet low in fruits 3313 3.78%
Diet low in vegetables 2003 2.29%
Unsafe sex 363 0.41%
Low physical activity 3039 3.47%
High blood sugar 7993 9.13%
High cholesterol 8265 9.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9623 10.99%
High blood pressure 19259 22%
Smoking 18111 20.69%
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1671 1.91%


Belgium - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 1.18%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 4.71%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 71 83.53%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 2 2.35%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 2 2.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 5 5.88%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Belgium - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 100%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Belgium - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.46%
Drug use 222 7.79%
Alcohol use 870 30.54%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.04%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 528 18.53%
Secondhand smoke 23 0.81%
Low physical activity 35 1.23%
Diet low in fruits 124 4.35%
Diet low in vegetables 56 1.97%
Unsafe sex 65 2.28%
High body-mass index (obesity) 235 8.25%
Household air pollution 1 0.04%
Outdoor air pollution 109 3.83%
High total cholesterol 212 7.44%
High blood pressure 273 9.58%
High blood sugar 82 2.88%


Belgium - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 107 0.53%
Drug use 340 1.69%
Alcohol use 3017 14.98%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.02%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
Unsafe sex 126 0.63%
Smoking 6341 31.48%
Secondhand smoke 158 0.78%
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 349 1.73%
Diet low in fruits 894 4.44%
Low physical activity 378 1.88%
Outdoor air pollution 1053 5.23%
Household air pollution 12 0.06%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2059 10.22%
High blood sugar 1131 5.61%
High total cholesterol 1483 7.36%
High blood pressure 2689 13.35%


Belgium - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1551 2.41%
Drug use 224 0.35%
Alcohol use 3241 5.03%
Smoking 11242 17.44%
Secondhand smoke 602 0.93%
Household air pollution 42 0.07%
Outdoor air pollution 3774 5.86%
No access to handwashing facility 51 0.08%
Poor sanitation 18 0.03%
Unsafe water source 40 0.06%
Unsafe sex 172 0.27%
Low physical activity 2626 4.07%
Diet low in vegetables 1598 2.48%
Diet low in fruits 2296 3.56%
High cholesterol 6570 10.19%
High blood pressure 16298 25.29%
High blood sugar 6779 10.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7329 11.37%


Belgium - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 911 | Deaths : 846 92.86%
Breast cancer Patients : 50893 | Deaths : 2605 5.12%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2643 | Deaths : 232 8.78%
Kidney cancer Patients : 5715 | Deaths : 788 13.79%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 4446 | Deaths : 92 2.07%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 3281 | Deaths : 762 23.22%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3878 | Deaths : 1280 33.01%
Uterine cancer Patients : 8466 | Deaths : 305 3.6%
Bladder cancer Patients : 13495 | Deaths : 1109 8.22%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2454 | Deaths : 307 12.51%
Prostate cancer Patients : 40934 | Deaths : 2079 5.08%
Testicular cancer Patients : 1430 | Deaths : 11 0.77%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1808 | Deaths : 1514 83.74%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1263 | Deaths : 862 68.25%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 433 | Deaths : 100 23.09%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 34155 | Deaths : 3725 10.91%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 3911 | Deaths : 182 4.65%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3869 | Deaths : 400 10.34%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3782 | Deaths : 676 17.87%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 13564 | Deaths : 345 2.54%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 382 | Deaths : 240 62.83%


Belgium - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 779 0.34%
5-14 year olds 328 0.14%
15-49 year olds 22529 9.74%
50-69 year olds 97790 42.29%
70+ year olds 109835 47.49%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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