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Bangladesh Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Bangladesh are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Bangladesh.

Highlights of Bangladesh BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Bangladesh gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 90.87%90.87%
    • Fat : 12.51%12.51%
    • Plant protein : 8.53%8.53%
    • Animal protein : 1.84%1.84%
  • 13.74% increase in caloric supply : Currently Bangladesh gets 2450/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2154/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Bangladesh
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Bangladesh
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Bangladesh average intake is 74.90 grams
  • Bananas, Pineapples and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Bangladesh
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Bangladesh average Fruit intake is 63.92grams
  • In Bangladesh, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 19.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Bangladesh is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Bangladesh
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1711
2Wheat150
3Maize8
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Bangladesh
Diet Compositions in Bangladesh
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1870
2Oils & Fats173
3Starchy Roots94
4Sugar77
5Pulses62
6Fruits & Vegetables53
7Meat51
8Dairy & Eggs46
9Other24
10Alcoholic Beverages0


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Bangladesh with 277942 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease were highest types of death causes in Bangladesh.
    Major Cause of Death in Bangladesh
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 362800 deaths (year 2016).
  • 52.67% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Road accidents and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 44% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Bangladesh (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Bangladesh - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Bangladesh are High blood pressure, Smoking and Outdoor air pollution. Every year around 21742 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Outdoor air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Bangladesh (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.2% of Bangladesh population was suffering from cancer i.e. 204544 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 7534) and Lip & oral cancer was also concerning with 6914 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 16% of survival chance.Bangladesh was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 93% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 85290 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 28126 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 7534 people were dead. This means 26.79% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Bangladesh and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Bangladesh :
  • 0.2 % of Bangladesh population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Bangladesh
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bangladesh

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Bangladesh (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 16463 1.99%
Cardiovascular diseases 277942 33.64%
Kidney disease 19309 2.34%
Respiratory disease 86607 10.48%
Liver disease 28286 3.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 61491 7.44%
Digestive disease 18901 2.29%
Hepatitis 4282 0.52%
Cancers 89010 10.77%
Parkinson's disease 1501 0.18%
Fire 1864 0.23%
Malaria 1826 0.22%
Drowning 14748 1.78%
Homicide 4254 0.51%
HIV/AIDS 314 0.04%
Drug disorder 808 0.1%
Tuberculosis 18803 2.28%
Road incidents 20736 2.51%
Maternal deaths 5276 0.64%
Neonatal deaths 47827 5.79%
Alcohol disorder 655 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 29203 3.53%
Kidney disease 19309 2.34%
Road incidents 20736 2.51%
Liver disease 28286 3.42%
Diarrheal diseases 29203 3.53%
Lower respiratory infections 33610.5072499 4.07%
Neonatal deaths 47827 5.79%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 61491 7.44%
Respiratory disease 86607 10.48%
Cancers 89010 10.77%
Cardiovascular diseases 277942 33.64%



Bangladesh - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 145 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 2390 2.63%
Congenital birth defects 2518 2.77%
Drowning 0 0%
Neonatal infections 8 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 3149 3.47%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 47827 52.67%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 281 0.31%
Cancers 22 0.02%
Digestive diseases 11 0.01%
Kidney disease 5582 6.15%
Road accidents 1 0%
Cardiovascular disease 202 0.22%
Liver disease 360 0.4%
Fire 115 0.13%
Homicide 350 0.39%
Hepatitis 1044 1.15%
Measles 233 0.26%
Tuberculosis 305 0.34%
HIV/AIDS 280 0.31%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5974 6.58%
Malaria 16747 18.44%
Drug use disorders 87 0.1%
Natural disasters 3172 3.49%



Bangladesh - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 304 2.76%
Homicide 191 1.74%
Nutritional deficiencies 274 2.49%
Protein-energy malnutrition 199 1.81%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 821 7.46%
Road accidents 1469 13.35%
Tuberculosis 41 0.37%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.05%
Drowning 2840 25.8%
Malaria 421 3.82%
Fire 87 0.79%
Cancers 845 7.68%
Hepatitis 133 1.21%
Digestive diseases 298 2.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 704 6.4%
Liver disease 396 3.6%
Respiratory disease 234 2.13%
Kidney disease 385 3.5%
Cardiovascular disease 470 4.27%
Lower respiratory infections 887 8.06%


Bangladesh - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 8960 6.11%
Homicide 3388 2.31%
Nutritional deficiencies 1178 0.8%
Protein-energy malnutrition 741 0.51%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 37 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 2684 1.83%
Road accidents 13348 9.11%
Tuberculosis 4954 3.38%
HIV/AIDS 254 0.17%
Drowning 4142 2.83%
Malaria 1160 0.79%
Fire 838 0.57%
Cancers 20497 13.99%
Hepatitis 1555 1.06%
Digestive diseases 5630 3.84%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9289 6.34%
Liver disease 10520 7.18%
Respiratory disease 7380 5.04%
Kidney disease 4350 2.97%
Cardiovascular disease 42273 28.84%
Drug disorder 529 0.36%
Alcohol disorder 236 0.16%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.01%
Dementia 34 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 2568 1.75%


Bangladesh - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1191 0.58%
Homicide 415 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 675 0.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 444 0.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 24 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 4008 1.94%
Road accidents 3651 1.77%
Tuberculosis 5611 2.72%
HIV/AIDS 37 0.02%
Drowning 1274 0.62%
Malaria 188 0.09%
Fire 225 0.11%
Cancers 34623 16.75%
Hepatitis 766 0.37%
Digestive diseases 6813 3.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 13572 6.57%
Liver disease 8975 4.34%
Respiratory disease 23592 11.42%
Kidney disease 5202 2.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 90734 43.9%
Dementia 1196 0.58%
Parkinson's disease 161 0.08%
Drug disorder 167 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 206 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 2915 1.41%


Bangladesh - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1116 0.31%
Homicide 115 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 5441 1.5%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4538 1.25%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 82 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 18541 5.11%
Road accidents 1986 0.55%
Tuberculosis 8175 2.25%
HIV/AIDS 7 0%
Drowning 911 0.25%
Malaria 57 0.02%
Fire 511 0.14%
Cancers 32685 9.01%
Hepatitis 1713 0.47%
Digestive diseases 5810 1.6%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 36881 10.17%
Liver disease 8162 2.25%
Respiratory disease 55217 15.23%
Kidney disease 9066 2.5%
Cardiovascular disease 144186 39.77%
Parkinson's disease 1321 0.36%
Dementia 15233 4.2%
Drug use disorders 112 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 213 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 10495 2.89%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bangladesh
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 21742 2.27%
Poor sanitation 16844 1.76%
No access to handwashing facility 15078 1.58%
Household air pollution 106871 11.16%
Outdoor air pollution 108687 11.35%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1676 0.18%
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0%
Child wasting 13777 1.44%
Child stunting 2118 0.22%
Low birth weight 16105 1.68%
Secondhand smoke 14412 1.51%
Alcohol use 9486 0.99%
Drug use 1584 0.17%
Diet low in fruits 63447 6.63%
Diet low in vegetables 45587 4.76%
Unsafe sex 3313 0.35%
Low physical activity 20192 2.11%
High blood sugar 91638 9.57%
High cholesterol 61261 6.4%
High body-mass index (obesity) 39517 4.13%
High blood pressure 153439 16.03%
Smoking 145617 15.21%
Iron deficiency 450 0.05%
Zinc deficiency 253 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 30 0%
Low bone mineral density 4121 0.43%


Bangladesh - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0.05%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1676 2.96%
Child stunting 2118 3.74%
Low birth weight 16105 28.41%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3182 5.61%
Secondhand smoke 1194 2.11%
Poor sanitation 1815 3.2%
Unsafe water source 2345 4.14%
Household air pollution 7190 12.68%
Outdoor air pollution 7213 12.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.01%
High blood pressure 17 0.03%
High blood sugar 20 0.04%
Child wasting 13777 24.3%
Iron deficiency 7 0.01%


Bangladesh - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 417 14.94%
Unsafe water source 611 21.89%
Unsafe sex 4 0.14%
Iron deficiency 355 12.72%
Secondhand smoke 61 2.19%
Household air pollution 394 14.12%
Outdoor air pollution 381 13.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.21%
High blood sugar 47 1.68%
High blood pressure 28 1%
Poor sanitation 473 16.95%
Iron deficiency 14 0.5%


Bangladesh - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 355 0.22%
Low bone mineral density 265 0.17%
Drug use 1183 0.75%
Alcohol use 2989 1.89%
No access to handwashing facility 1327 0.84%
Unsafe water source 1993 1.26%
Poor sanitation 1548 0.98%
Smoking 24590 15.58%
Secondhand smoke 1736 1.1%
Low physical activity 1684 1.07%
Diet low in fruits 14971 9.49%
Diet low in vegetables 10974 6.95%
Unsafe sex 1337 0.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 14368 9.11%
Household air pollution 16230 10.29%
Outdoor air pollution 16590 10.51%
High total cholesterol 13926 8.83%
High blood pressure 21207 13.44%
High blood sugar 10513 6.66%


Bangladesh - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 8 0%
Low bone mineral density 845 0.27%
Drug use 267 0.09%
Alcohol use 3348 1.08%
No access to handwashing facility 1870 0.6%
Poor sanitation 2312 0.75%
Unsafe sex 1448 0.47%
Smoking 53462 17.27%
Secondhand smoke 3516 1.14%
Unsafe water source 2977 0.96%
Diet low in vegetables 17759 5.74%
Diet low in fruits 25081 8.1%
Low physical activity 5872 1.9%
Outdoor air pollution 34355 11.1%
Household air pollution 33586 10.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 16413 5.3%
High blood sugar 27206 8.79%
High total cholesterol 23729 7.67%
High blood pressure 55445 17.91%


Bangladesh - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 65 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 3011 0.7%
Drug use 134 0.03%
Alcohol use 3148 0.73%
Smoking 67565 15.69%
Secondhand smoke 7905 1.84%
Household air pollution 49470 11.49%
Outdoor air pollution 50148 11.65%
No access to handwashing facility 8282 1.92%
Poor sanitation 10696 2.48%
Unsafe water source 13816 3.21%
Unsafe sex 523 0.12%
Low physical activity 12636 2.93%
Diet low in vegetables 16855 3.91%
Diet low in fruits 23396 5.43%
High cholesterol 23606 5.48%
High blood pressure 76742 17.82%
High blood sugar 53852 12.51%
High body-mass index (obesity) 8727 2.03%


Bangladesh - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2827 | Deaths : 1322 46.76%
Breast cancer Patients : 39842 | Deaths : 5068 12.72%
Larynx cancer Patients : 9142 | Deaths : 2335 25.54%
Kidney cancer Patients : 4327 | Deaths : 478 11.05%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 6503 | Deaths : 654 10.06%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 6450 | Deaths : 1308 20.28%
Stomach cancer Patients : 10748 | Deaths : 6121 56.95%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3609 | Deaths : 485 13.44%
Bladder cancer Patients : 7254 | Deaths : 1324 18.25%
Cervical cancer Patients : 23878 | Deaths : 2836 11.88%
Prostate cancer Patients : 9813 | Deaths : 1949 19.86%
Testicular cancer Patients : 883 | Deaths : 198 22.42%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2342 | Deaths : 1962 83.77%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2891 | Deaths : 2358 81.56%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 3989 | Deaths : 779 19.53%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 28126 | Deaths : 7534 26.79%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 284 | Deaths : 193 67.96%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 55091 | Deaths : 6914 12.55%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 5327 | Deaths : 2004 37.62%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 30051 | Deaths : 2073 6.9%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 3083 | Deaths : 1954 63.38%


Bangladesh - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1135 0.55%
5-14 year olds 1336 0.65%
15-49 year olds 49938 24.41%
50-69 year olds 85290 41.7%
70+ year olds 66845 32.68%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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