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Bahamas Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Bahamas are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Bahamas.

Highlights of Bahamas BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Bahamas gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 57.83%57.83%
    • Fat : 37.12%37.12%
    • Animal protein : 9.22%9.22%
    • Plant protein : 4.94%4.94%
  • 9.11% increase in caloric supply : Currently Bahamas gets 2670/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2447/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Bahamas
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Bahamas
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Bahamas average intake is 348.58 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Grapefruit and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Bahamas
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Bahamas average Fruit intake is 764.08grams
  • In Bahamas, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 65.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Bahamas is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Bahamas
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat339
2Rice243
3Maize31
4Barley22
5Oats10
6Rye2
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Bahamas
Diet Compositions in Bahamas
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains655
2Meat520
3Sugar352
4Oils & Fats345
5Fruits & Vegetables299
6Dairy & Eggs209
7Other143
8Alcoholic Beverages106
9Starchy Roots30
10Pulses11


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Bahamas with 1005 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Bahamas.
    Major Cause of Death in Bahamas
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 1365 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.33% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 35% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Bahamas (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Bahamas - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Bahamas are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 3 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Bahamas (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



1.16% of Bahamas population was suffering from cancer i.e. 4304 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 91) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 81 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Bahamas was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1987 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1149 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 91 people were dead. This means 7.92% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Bahamas and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Bahamas :
  • 1.16 % of Bahamas population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Bahamas
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bahamas

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Bahamas (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 88 3.07%
Cardiovascular diseases 1005 35.11%
Kidney disease 106 3.7%
Respiratory disease 57 1.99%
Liver disease 67 2.34%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 353 12.33%
Digestive disease 58 2.03%
Hepatitis 1 0.03%
Cancers 598 20.89%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.31%
Fire 12 0.42%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 28 0.98%
Homicide 83 2.9%
HIV/AIDS 111 3.88%
Drug disorder 5 0.17%
Tuberculosis 10 0.35%
Road incidents 63 2.2%
Maternal deaths 4 0.14%
Neonatal deaths 31 1.08%
Alcohol disorder 13 0.45%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.17%
Road incidents 63 2.2%
Liver disease 67 2.34%
Homicide 83 2.9%
Dementia 88 3.07%
Kidney disease 106 3.7%
HIV/AIDS 111 3.88%
Lower respiratory infections 124.933673423 4.36%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 353 12.33%
Cancers 598 20.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 1005 35.11%



Bahamas - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 1.33%
Congenital birth defects 1 1.33%
Lower respiratory infections 1 1.33%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 1 1.33%
Cancers 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 31 41.33%
Drowning 1 1.33%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 1 1.33%
Homicide 1 1.33%
Fire 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 2.67%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Kidney disease 1 1.33%
Liver disease 3 4%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Hepatitis 2 2.67%
Measles 13 17.33%
Drug use disorders 8 10.67%
Natural disasters 0 0%
7 9.33%



Bahamas - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 1 10%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 2 20%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 10%
Drowning 1 10%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 2 20%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 10%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 1 10%
Lower respiratory infections 1 10%


Bahamas - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 1.72%
Homicide 68 13.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.19%
Road accidents 39 7.47%
Tuberculosis 3 0.57%
HIV/AIDS 76 14.56%
Drowning 17 3.26%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.77%
Cancers 85 16.28%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 11 2.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 49 9.39%
Liver disease 18 3.45%
Respiratory disease 8 1.53%
Kidney disease 17 3.26%
Cardiovascular disease 91 17.43%
Drug disorder 2 0.38%
Alcohol disorder 5 0.96%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 17 3.26%


Bahamas - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.34%
Homicide 11 1.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.11%
Road accidents 13 1.46%
Tuberculosis 3 0.34%
HIV/AIDS 31 3.48%
Drowning 6 0.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.22%
Cancers 239 26.79%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 18 2.02%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 120 13.45%
Liver disease 31 3.48%
Respiratory disease 16 1.79%
Kidney disease 37 4.15%
Cardiovascular diseases 316 35.43%
Dementia 7 0.78%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.11%
Drug disorder 1 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.67%
Lower respiratory infections 27 3.03%


Bahamas - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.07%
Homicide 3 0.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.29%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.15%
Road accidents 8 0.58%
Tuberculosis 3 0.22%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.15%
Drowning 2 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.36%
Cancers 270 19.68%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 27 1.97%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 181 13.19%
Liver disease 17 1.24%
Respiratory disease 32 2.33%
Kidney disease 52 3.79%
Cardiovascular disease 595 43.37%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.58%
Dementia 81 5.9%
Drug use disorders 1 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 73 5.32%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Bahamas
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 3 0.12%
Poor sanitation 1 0.04%
No access to handwashing facility 6 0.24%
Household air pollution 10 0.4%
Outdoor air pollution 94 3.79%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 0.08%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 5 0.2%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 13 0.52%
Secondhand smoke 30 1.21%
Alcohol use 178 7.18%
Drug use 28 1.13%
Diet low in fruits 16 0.65%
Diet low in vegetables 71 2.87%
Unsafe sex 121 4.88%
Low physical activity 74 2.99%
High blood sugar 410 16.55%
High cholesterol 207 8.35%
High body-mass index (obesity) 364 14.69%
High blood pressure 676 27.28%
Smoking 156 6.3%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.52%


Bahamas - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 8.33%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 13 54.17%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 4.17%
Secondhand smoke 1 4.17%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 4.17%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 4.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 5 20.83%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Bahamas - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Bahamas - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.28%
Drug use 9 2.48%
Alcohol use 62 17.08%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.28%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 29 7.99%
Secondhand smoke 3 0.83%
Low physical activity 5 1.38%
Diet low in fruits 4 1.1%
Diet low in vegetables 10 2.75%
Unsafe sex 67 18.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 49 13.5%
Household air pollution 1 0.28%
Outdoor air pollution 12 3.31%
High total cholesterol 26 7.16%
High blood pressure 53 14.6%
High blood sugar 31 8.54%


Bahamas - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.32%
Drug use 12 1.27%
Alcohol use 72 7.64%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.11%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 41 4.35%
Smoking 77 8.17%
Secondhand smoke 11 1.17%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 28 2.97%
Diet low in fruits 7 0.74%
Low physical activity 23 2.44%
Outdoor air pollution 35 3.72%
Household air pollution 4 0.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 170 18.05%
High blood sugar 149 15.82%
High total cholesterol 80 8.49%
High blood pressure 229 24.31%


Bahamas - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.78%
Drug use 6 0.52%
Alcohol use 44 3.83%
Smoking 50 4.35%
Secondhand smoke 15 1.31%
Household air pollution 5 0.44%
Outdoor air pollution 46 4%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.26%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0.09%
Unsafe sex 12 1.04%
Low physical activity 47 4.09%
Diet low in vegetables 33 2.87%
Diet low in fruits 6 0.52%
High cholesterol 101 8.79%
High blood pressure 395 34.38%
High blood sugar 230 20.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 146 12.71%


Bahamas - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 7 33.33%
Breast cancer Patients : 1165 | Deaths : 81 6.95%
Larynx cancer Patients : 57 | Deaths : 10 17.54%
Kidney cancer Patients : 79 | Deaths : 7 8.86%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 80 | Deaths : 2 2.5%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 72 | Deaths : 17 23.61%
Stomach cancer Patients : 88 | Deaths : 32 36.36%
Uterine cancer Patients : 323 | Deaths : 15 4.64%
Bladder cancer Patients : 61 | Deaths : 7 11.48%
Cervical cancer Patients : 215 | Deaths : 29 13.49%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1149 | Deaths : 91 7.92%
Testicular cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 13 68.42%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 16 | Deaths : 16 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 2 16.67%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 546 | Deaths : 67 12.27%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 3 15.79%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 10 13.33%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 10 40%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 8 12.5%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 5 83.33%


Bahamas - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 20 0.46%
5-14 year olds 15 0.35%
15-49 year olds 909 21.12%
50-69 year olds 1987 46.18%
70+ year olds 1372 31.88%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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