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Azerbaijan Health

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Causes of death across Azerbaijan are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Azerbaijan.

Highlights of Azerbaijan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Azerbaijan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 71.47%71.47%
    • Fat : 17.24%17.24%
    • Plant protein : 8.15%8.15%
    • Animal protein : 3.89%3.89%
  • 0.74% increase in caloric supply : Currently Azerbaijan gets 3118/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Dairy & Eggs and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Azerbaijan
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Azerbaijan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Azerbaijan average intake is 455.97 grams
  • Grapes, Apples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Azerbaijan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Azerbaijan average Fruit intake is 205.29grams
  • In Azerbaijan, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 53.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Azerbaijan is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Azerbaijan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1666
2Maize99
3Rice21
4Rye2
5Oats1
6Barley0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Azerbaijan
Diet Compositions in Azerbaijan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1794
2Dairy & Eggs266
3Fruits & Vegetables195
4Sugar185
5Meat174
6Oils & Fats168
7Alcoholic Beverages154
8Starchy Roots135
9Other38
10Pulses9


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Azerbaijan with 36729 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 53% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Azerbaijan.
    Major Cause of Death in Azerbaijan
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 31009 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.68% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Lower respiratory infections and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 52% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Azerbaijan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Azerbaijan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Azerbaijan are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 89 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Azerbaijan (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.42% of Azerbaijan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 36497 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 1527) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 668 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Azerbaijan was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 19253 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2462 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 1527 people were dead. This means 62.02% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Azerbaijan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Azerbaijan :
  • 0.42 % of Azerbaijan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Azerbaijan
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Azerbaijan

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Azerbaijan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1506 2.19%
Cardiovascular diseases 36729 53.44%
Kidney disease 1177 1.71%
Respiratory disease 2186 3.18%
Liver disease 3391 4.93%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3596 5.23%
Digestive disease 691 1.01%
Hepatitis 56 0.08%
Cancers 9638 14.02%
Parkinson's disease 235 0.34%
Fire 359 0.52%
Malaria 1 0%
Drowning 359 0.52%
Homicide 417 0.61%
HIV/AIDS 37 0.05%
Drug disorder 240 0.35%
Tuberculosis 629 0.92%
Road incidents 815 1.19%
Maternal deaths 46 0.07%
Neonatal deaths 2277 3.31%
Alcohol disorder 773 1.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 199 0.29%
Road incidents 815 1.19%
Kidney disease 1177 1.71%
Dementia 1506 2.19%
Respiratory disease 2186 3.18%
Neonatal deaths 2277 3.31%
Lower respiratory infections 2712.82181254 3.95%
Liver disease 3391 4.93%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3596 5.23%
Cancers 9638 14.02%
Cardiovascular diseases 36729 53.44%



Azerbaijan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 14 0.26%
Congenital birth defects 18 0.33%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.02%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 176 3.22%
Cancers 0 0%
Fire 2277 41.68%
Drowning 7 0.13%
Digestive diseases 3 0.05%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 35 0.64%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Kidney disease 59 1.08%
Hepatitis 76 1.39%
Road accidents 8 0.15%
Homicide 25 0.46%
Liver disease 122 2.23%
Tuberculosis 3 0.05%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 14 0.26%
HIV/AIDS 25 0.46%
Measles 707 12.94%
Drug use disorders 1754 32.11%
Malaria 0 0%
Natural disasters 134 2.45%



Azerbaijan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5 0.84%
Homicide 8 1.35%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.68%
Road accidents 45 7.6%
Tuberculosis 4 0.68%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 53 8.95%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 23 3.89%
Cancers 146 24.66%
Hepatitis 4 0.68%
Digestive diseases 10 1.69%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 77 13.01%
Liver disease 13 2.2%
Respiratory disease 9 1.52%
Kidney disease 23 3.89%
Cardiovascular disease 33 5.57%
Lower respiratory infections 131 22.13%


Azerbaijan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 291 3.19%
Homicide 324 3.55%
Nutritional deficiencies 9 0.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 26 0.29%
Diarrheal diseases 8 0.09%
Road accidents 529 5.8%
Tuberculosis 394 4.32%
HIV/AIDS 31 0.34%
Drowning 214 2.35%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 169 1.85%
Cancers 1869 20.49%
Hepatitis 20 0.22%
Digestive diseases 162 1.78%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 628 6.89%
Liver disease 586 6.42%
Respiratory disease 196 2.15%
Kidney disease 260 2.85%
Cardiovascular disease 2726 29.89%
Drug disorder 150 1.64%
Alcohol disorder 287 3.15%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.02%
Dementia 2 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 234 2.57%


Azerbaijan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 101 0.44%
Homicide 66 0.29%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 6 0.03%
Road accidents 180 0.79%
Tuberculosis 185 0.81%
HIV/AIDS 6 0.03%
Drowning 46 0.2%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 73 0.32%
Cancers 5077 22.18%
Hepatitis 14 0.06%
Digestive diseases 283 1.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1580 6.9%
Liver disease 1515 6.62%
Respiratory disease 686 3%
Kidney disease 416 1.82%
Cardiovascular diseases 11917 52.05%
Dementia 101 0.44%
Parkinson's disease 26 0.11%
Drug disorder 63 0.28%
Alcohol disorder 271 1.18%
Lower respiratory infections 254 1.11%


Azerbaijan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 27 0.09%
Homicide 14 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.02%
Road accidents 56 0.18%
Tuberculosis 42 0.13%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 12 0.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 35 0.11%
Cancers 2471 7.89%
Hepatitis 9 0.03%
Digestive diseases 210 0.67%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1189 3.8%
Liver disease 1274 4.07%
Respiratory disease 1291 4.12%
Kidney disease 465 1.48%
Cardiovascular disease 22028 70.31%
Parkinson's disease 208 0.66%
Dementia 1403 4.48%
Drug use disorders 26 0.08%
Alcohol use disorders 215 0.69%
Lower respiratory infections 340 1.09%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Azerbaijan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 89 0.1%
Poor sanitation 86 0.09%
No access to handwashing facility 90 0.1%
Household air pollution 1849 2.03%
Outdoor air pollution 6780 7.43%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 292 0.32%
Discontinued breastfeeding 13 0.01%
Child wasting 1024 1.12%
Child stunting 142 0.16%
Low birth weight 1007 1.1%
Secondhand smoke 2820 3.09%
Alcohol use 4545 4.98%
Drug use 971 1.06%
Diet low in fruits 4378 4.8%
Diet low in vegetables 1440 1.58%
Unsafe sex 272 0.3%
Low physical activity 3064 3.36%
High blood sugar 7497 8.21%
High cholesterol 12467 13.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10475 11.47%
High blood pressure 22454 24.59%
Smoking 9430 10.33%
Iron deficiency 7 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 16 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 90 0.1%


Azerbaijan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 13 0.35%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 292 7.94%
Child stunting 142 3.86%
Low birth weight 1007 27.38%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 63 1.71%
Secondhand smoke 406 11.04%
Poor sanitation 76 2.07%
Unsafe water source 79 2.15%
Household air pollution 150 4.08%
Outdoor air pollution 424 11.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.03%
Child wasting 1024 27.84%
Iron deficiency 1 0.03%


Azerbaijan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 1.05%
No access to handwashing facility 4 4.21%
Unsafe water source 2 2.11%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 5 5.26%
Secondhand smoke 29 30.53%
Household air pollution 12 12.63%
Outdoor air pollution 32 33.68%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 8 8.42%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 2 2.11%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Azerbaijan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 5 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 10 0.1%
Drug use 315 3.05%
Alcohol use 1541 14.94%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.07%
Unsafe water source 4 0.04%
Poor sanitation 4 0.04%
Smoking 1541 14.94%
Secondhand smoke 182 1.76%
Low physical activity 150 1.45%
Diet low in fruits 577 5.59%
Diet low in vegetables 156 1.51%
Unsafe sex 93 0.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1367 13.25%
Household air pollution 205 1.99%
Outdoor air pollution 709 6.87%
High total cholesterol 1349 13.07%
High blood pressure 1522 14.75%
High blood sugar 581 5.63%


Azerbaijan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 33 0.09%
Drug use 467 1.26%
Alcohol use 2233 6.03%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.02%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
Unsafe sex 138 0.37%
Smoking 5518 14.91%
Secondhand smoke 839 2.27%
Unsafe water source 3 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 484 1.31%
Diet low in fruits 1922 5.19%
Low physical activity 865 2.34%
Outdoor air pollution 2598 7.02%
Household air pollution 703 1.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5190 14.02%
High blood sugar 3038 8.21%
High total cholesterol 4962 13.4%
High blood pressure 8016 21.65%


Azerbaijan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 47 0.12%
Drug use 189 0.47%
Alcohol use 771 1.92%
Smoking 2370 5.9%
Secondhand smoke 1364 3.39%
Household air pollution 780 1.94%
Outdoor air pollution 3017 7.51%
No access to handwashing facility 9 0.02%
Poor sanitation 2 0%
Unsafe water source 2 0%
Unsafe sex 41 0.1%
Low physical activity 2048 5.1%
Diet low in vegetables 800 1.99%
Diet low in fruits 1879 4.68%
High cholesterol 6156 15.32%
High blood pressure 12916 32.15%
High blood sugar 3869 9.63%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3919 9.75%


Azerbaijan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 691 | Deaths : 253 36.61%
Breast cancer Patients : 9930 | Deaths : 630 6.34%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1130 | Deaths : 199 17.61%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2301 | Deaths : 196 8.52%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1397 | Deaths : 29 2.08%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1177 | Deaths : 189 16.06%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2462 | Deaths : 1527 62.02%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2572 | Deaths : 99 3.85%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2018 | Deaths : 179 8.87%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2554 | Deaths : 254 9.95%
Prostate cancer Patients : 2931 | Deaths : 275 9.38%
Testicular cancer Patients : 721 | Deaths : 19 2.64%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 436 | Deaths : 348 79.82%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 727 | Deaths : 652 89.68%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 168 | Deaths : 26 15.48%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3892 | Deaths : 668 17.16%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 1966 | Deaths : 59 3%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 855 | Deaths : 108 12.63%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1078 | Deaths : 423 39.24%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1981 | Deaths : 160 8.08%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 129 | Deaths : 49 37.98%


Azerbaijan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 778 2.13%
5-14 year olds 584 1.6%
15-49 year olds 9822 26.91%
50-69 year olds 19253 52.75%
70+ year olds 6061 16.61%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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