172.73% Increase in Fragile and conflict affected situations's Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

172.73% Increase in Fragile and conflict affected situations's Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Fragile and conflict affected situations (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 17
  • 22
  • 27
  • 32
  • 35
  • 38


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196017
197022
198027
199032
200035
201038

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 20805552
  • 33223165
  • 52965668
  • 79078248
  • 115817818
  • 160492062


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Urban population
YearValues
196020805552
197033223165
198052965668
199079078248
2000115817818
2010160492062

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19705
19804
19904
20003
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 120335436
  • 150149071
  • 197176457
  • 249707879
  • 328377495
  • 419986678


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Population, total
YearValues
1960120335436
1970150149071
1980197176457
1990249707879
2000328377495
2010419986678

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19703
19803
19902
20002
20102

Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.

Data Source : World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 53
  • 0


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200053
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 129
  • 94


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000129
201094

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 50
  • 52
  • 53
  • 67


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
198050
199052
200053
201067

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 21
  • 17


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200021
201017

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 8
  • 10
  • 13
  • 15
  • 16
  • 17


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19608
197010
198013
199015
200016
201017

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • -16
  • 22


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000-16
201022

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 254982
  • 211176
  • 242232
  • 344522


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980254982
1990211176
2000242232
2010344522

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • -8
  • 22


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000-8
201022

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 393397
  • 322751
  • 388623
  • 511417


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980393397
1990322751
2000388623
2010511417

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2870019
  • 2269958
  • 3012497
  • 3031422


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802870019
19902269958
20003012497
20103031422

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2079402
  • 1552142
  • 2126200
  • 1852087


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802079402
19901552142
20002126200
20101852087

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 12
  • 8
  • 6
  • 7
  • 5
  • 2


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196012
19708
19806
19907
20005
20102

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19600
19701
19801
19901
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 79
  • 49
  • 62
  • 71
  • 76
  • 72


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196079
197049
198062
199071
200076
201072

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 24740
  • 51704
  • 97409
  • 156978
  • 195499
  • 250378


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
196024740
197051704
198097409
1990156978
2000195499
2010250378

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 33986
  • 106039
  • 156835
  • 220992
  • 257412
  • 347248


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
196033986
1970106039
1980156835
1990220992
2000257412
2010347248

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 4
  • 2
  • 4
  • 9
  • 12
  • 15


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19604
19702
19804
19909
200012
201015

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8762
  • 24389
  • 40250
  • 65895


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19808762
199024389
200040250
201065895

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802
19902
20002
20102

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 470
  • 526
  • 526
  • 560


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980470
1990526
2000526
2010560

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 226
  • 326
  • 380
  • 445


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980226
1990326
2000380
2010445

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 148
  • 128


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000148
2010128

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 52
  • 52


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200052
201052

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 12000000
  • 16000000
  • 1000000
  • 135000000


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
19600
19700
198012000000
199016000000
20001000000
2010135000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 22
  • 26


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200022
201026

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 33
  • 42
  • 48
  • 31


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198033
199042
200048
201031

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 10
  • 10
  • 17
  • 25


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198010
199010
200017
201025

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 40
  • 26
  • 18
  • 22


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198040
199026
200018
201022

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 7
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802
19907
20003
20103

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 41


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201041

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20103

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1110
  • 1138
  • 1197
  • 1449
  • 1921


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701110
19801138
19901197
20001449
20101921

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Forest area (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 29
  • 28


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200029
201028

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Forest area (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3787677
  • 3637181


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003787677
20103637181

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 4
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19704
19805
19905
20005
20105

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 28
  • 29
  • 29
  • 30
  • 31


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197028
198029
199029
200030
201031

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Fragile and conflict affected situations Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 3609300
  • 3668120
  • 3705470
  • 3877770
  • 3978921


Year
Fragile and conflict affected situations Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19703609300
19803668120
19903705470
20003877770
20103978921


-->