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100.00% Increase in Turkey's Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Turkey

Highlights of this Analysis on Turkey (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Turkey a Europe & Central Asia regioned country, is categorized as Upper middle income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 32
  • 37
  • 43
  • 58
  • 64
  • 70


Year
Turkey Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196032
197037
198043
199058
200064
201070

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Turkey Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 8657910
  • 12737056
  • 18640066
  • 30682120
  • 40002835
  • 50096864


Year
Turkey Urban population
YearValues
19608657910
197012737056
198018640066
199030682120
200040002835
201050096864

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Turkey Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 4
  • 5
  • 3
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Turkey Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19604
19705
19803
19904
20002
20102

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Turkey Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 27472345
  • 34055390
  • 42994041
  • 52992487
  • 62287397
  • 71321399


Year
Turkey Population, total
YearValues
196027472345
197034055390
198042994041
199052992487
200062287397
201071321399

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Turkey Population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1


Year
Turkey Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19602
19702
19802
19902
20002
20101

Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.

Data Source : World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).
Observation : Turkey Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Turkey Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Turkey Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 259
  • 194
  • 133
  • 78
  • 42
  • 21


Year
Turkey Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
1960259
1970194
1980133
199078
200042
201021

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Turkey Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 94
  • 0
  • 99


Year
Turkey Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199094
20000
201099

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Turkey School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Turkey School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Turkey Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 55
  • 41
  • 28
  • 17
  • 10
  • 8


Year
Turkey Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
196055
197041
198028
199017
200010
20108

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Turkey Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 12
  • 17
  • 21
  • 26
  • 29
  • 35


Year
Turkey Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196012
197017
198021
199026
200029
201035

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Turkey Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 16
  • 23


Year
Turkey Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200016
201023

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Turkey Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 23664
  • 27427
  • 33282
  • 35100


Year
Turkey Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198023664
199027427
200033282
201035100

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Turkey Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 24
  • 74


Year
Turkey Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200024
201074

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Turkey Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 38679
  • 44364
  • 54225
  • 76301


Year
Turkey Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198038679
199044364
200054225
201076301

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Turkey Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 32
  • 80


Year
Turkey Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200032
201080

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Turkey Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 141905
  • 212147
  • 295553
  • 404637


Year
Turkey Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980141905
1990212147
2000295553
2010404637

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Turkey Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 200


Year
Turkey Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004
2010200

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Turkey Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1711
  • 3634
  • 5105
  • -2273


Year
Turkey Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801711
19903634
20005105
2010-2273

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 67
  • 42
  • 33
  • 42
  • 40
  • 42


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196067
197042
198033
199042
200040
201042

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 11331
  • 16179
  • 25046
  • 58771
  • 78100
  • 116622


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
196011331
197016179
198025046
199058771
200078100
2010116622

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 4


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19601
19701
19802
19903
20003
20104

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 27
  • 51
  • 58
  • 45
  • 39
  • 25


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196027
197051
198058
199045
200039
201025

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Decreasing trend
  • 4474
  • 19743
  • 43656
  • 63201
  • 77091
  • 68074


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19604474
197019743
198043656
199063201
200077091
201068074

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 16821
  • 38808
  • 75577
  • 139317
  • 196771
  • 277845


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
196016821
197038808
198075577
1990139317
2000196771
2010277845

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 12
  • 24


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19904
200012
201024

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 5478
  • 24257
  • 66230


Year
Turkey CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804
19905478
200024257
201066230

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Turkey CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Stable trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Turkey CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19602
19702
19802
19903
20003
20103

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 389
  • 512
  • 704
  • 927
  • 1131
  • 1371


Year
Turkey Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
1960389
1970512
1980704
1990927
20001131
20101371

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 92
  • 206
  • 489
  • 875
  • 1556
  • 2315


Year
Turkey Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
196092
1970206
1980489
1990875
20001556
20102315

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 86
  • 82


Year
Turkey Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200086
201082

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Turkey Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 21
  • 13


Year
Turkey Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200021
201013

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 1
  • 2
  • 1
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Turkey Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total)
YearValues
19601
19702
19801
19900
20000
20101

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 41000000
  • 178000000
  • 145000000
  • 63000000
  • 235000000
  • 2183000000


Year
Turkey Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
196041000000
1970178000000
1980145000000
199063000000
2000235000000
20102183000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 30
  • 20


Year
Turkey Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200030
201020

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 8
  • 23
  • 25
  • 8
  • 7
  • 2


Year
Turkey Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19608
197023
198025
19908
20007
20102

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 31
  • 49


Year
Turkey Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199018
200031
201049

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 36
  • 44
  • 46
  • 34
  • 30
  • 18


Year
Turkey Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
196036
197044
198046
199034
200030
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Turkey Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 55
  • 31
  • 29
  • 39
  • 32
  • 29


Year
Turkey Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
196055
197031
198029
199039
200032
201029

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Turkey Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Turkey Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901
20000
20101

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1292
  • 1880
  • 1742
  • 2100
  • 2808


Year
Turkey Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701292
19801880
19901742
20002100
20102808

Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13


Year
Turkey Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201013

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13
  • 14


Year
Turkey Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200013
201014

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 101269
  • 110948


Year
Turkey Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000101269
2010110948

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Arable land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 33
  • 33
  • 32
  • 32
  • 28


Year
Turkey Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197033
198033
199032
200032
201028

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 50
  • 51
  • 52
  • 52
  • 51


Year
Turkey Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197050
198051
199052
200052
201051

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Turkey Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 386430
  • 388920
  • 398970
  • 403020
  • 389110


Year
Turkey Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970386430
1980388920
1990398970
2000403020
2010389110


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