100.00% Increase in Somalia's Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Somalia's Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Somalia

Highlights of this Analysis on Somalia (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Somalia a Sub-Saharan Africa regioned country, is categorized as Low income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 17
  • 22
  • 27
  • 29
  • 33
  • 38


Year
Somalia Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196017
197022
198027
199029
200033
201038

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Somalia Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 477114
  • 748977
  • 1561993
  • 2090901
  • 2812253
  • 4411125


Year
Somalia Urban population
YearValues
1960477114
1970748977
19801561993
19902090901
20002812253
20104411125

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Somalia Urban population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 5
  • 5
  • 10
  • 3
  • 5
  • 7


Year
Somalia Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19605
19705
198010
19903
20005
20107

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Somalia Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 2755972
  • 3386738
  • 5892755
  • 7133258
  • 8553601
  • 11717692


Year
Somalia Population, total
YearValues
19602755972
19703386738
19805892755
19907133258
20008553601
201011717692

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Somalia Population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 9
  • 2
  • 4
  • 3


Year
Somalia Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19602
19702
19809
19902
20004
20103

Prevalence of underweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's child growth standards released in 2006.

Data Source : UNICEF, WHO, World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates (JME). Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.
Observation : Somalia Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 23


Year
Somalia Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201023

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Somalia Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 183
  • 173
  • 163


Year
Somalia Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
1990183
2000173
2010163

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Somalia Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 64
  • 54
  • 51
  • 61
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Somalia Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
196064
197054
198051
199061
20000
20100

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Somalia Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Decreasing trend
  • 3
  • 7
  • 9
  • 14
  • 14
  • 11


Year
Somalia Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19603
19707
19809
199014
200014
201011

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Somalia Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5


Year
Somalia Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20105

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Somalia Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 19


Year
Somalia Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200018
201019

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Somalia Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3777
  • 4485
  • 4720
  • 4750


Year
Somalia Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19803777
19904485
20004720
20104750

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Somalia Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13
  • 21


Year
Somalia Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200013
201021

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Somalia Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 11655
  • 13932
  • 14804
  • 15809


Year
Somalia Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198011655
199013932
200014804
201015809

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Somalia Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 18


Year
Somalia Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200018
201018

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Somalia Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 16303
  • 19403
  • 21186
  • 21131


Year
Somalia Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198016303
199019403
200021186
201021131

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Somalia Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 534
  • -91


Year
Somalia Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000534
2010-91

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Somalia Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 158
  • 178
  • 845
  • -442


Year
Somalia Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980158
1990178
2000845
2010-442

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Somalia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 100
  • 100
  • 100
  • 97
  • 100
  • 100


Year
Somalia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
1960100
1970100
1980100
199097
2000100
2010100

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Somalia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 84
  • 161
  • 488
  • 931
  • 491
  • 598


Year
Somalia CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
196084
1970161
1980488
1990931
2000491
2010598

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Somalia CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 84
  • 161
  • 488
  • 957
  • 491
  • 598


Year
Somalia CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
196084
1970161
1980488
1990957
2000491
2010598

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Somalia Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 93
  • 94


Year
Somalia Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200093
201094

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Somalia Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 19


Year
Somalia Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201019

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 476
  • 423
  • 792
  • 582
  • 416


Year
Somalia Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
1970476
1980423
1990792
2000582
2010416

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Forest area (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 12
  • 11


Year
Somalia Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200012
201011

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Forest area (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 75917
  • 68238


Year
Somalia Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200075917
201068238

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Somalia Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19701
19802
19902
20002
20102

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 70
  • 70
  • 70
  • 70
  • 70


Year
Somalia Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197070
198070
199070
200070
201070

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Somalia Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 439450
  • 439950
  • 440400
  • 440670
  • 441280


Year
Somalia Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970439450
1980439950
1990440400
2000440670
2010441280


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