100.00% Increase in Rwanda's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Rwanda's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Rwanda

Highlights of this Analysis on Rwanda (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Rwanda a Sub-Saharan Africa regioned country, is categorized as Low income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 3
  • 3
  • 5
  • 5
  • 14
  • 17


Year
Rwanda Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
19603
19703
19805
19905
200014
201017

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Rwanda Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 76325
  • 113997
  • 231814
  • 388737
  • 1054974
  • 1656223


Year
Rwanda Urban population
YearValues
196076325
1970113997
1980231814
1990388737
20001054974
20101656223

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Rwanda Urban population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 13
  • 3


Year
Rwanda Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19605
19705
19805
19904
200013
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Rwanda Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 2935582
  • 3643237
  • 4978817
  • 7276985
  • 7501234
  • 9782770


Year
Rwanda Population, total
YearValues
19602935582
19703643237
19804978817
19907276985
20007501234
20109782770

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Rwanda Population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 7
  • 3


Year
Rwanda Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19603
19703
19803
19903
20007
20103

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Rwanda Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 222
  • 218
  • 231
  • 149
  • 190
  • 71


Year
Rwanda Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
1960222
1970218
1980231
1990149
2000190
201071

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Rwanda Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 44
  • 29
  • 69


Year
Rwanda Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199044
200029
201069

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Rwanda School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Rwanda School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Rwanda Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 66
  • 49
  • 40
  • 36
  • 29


Year
Rwanda Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
197066
198049
199040
200036
201029

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Rwanda CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4


Year
Rwanda CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20104

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Rwanda Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 6
  • 8


Year
Rwanda Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
19601
19702
19802
19903
20006
20108

Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.

Data Source : EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.
Observation : Rwanda Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Rwanda Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Rwanda Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 126


Year
Rwanda Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004
2010126

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Rwanda Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 686
  • 733
  • 749
  • 1620


Year
Rwanda Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980686
1990733
2000749
20101620

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Rwanda Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 46
  • 87


Year
Rwanda Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200046
201087

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Rwanda Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1388
  • 1682
  • 2162
  • 2769


Year
Rwanda Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801388
19901682
20002162
20102769

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Rwanda Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 49
  • 83


Year
Rwanda Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200049
201083

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Rwanda Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2388
  • 3476
  • 4837
  • 5967


Year
Rwanda Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802388
19903476
20004837
20105967

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Rwanda Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 210
  • 109


Year
Rwanda Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000210
2010109

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Rwanda Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • -47
  • 266
  • 1047
  • 508


Year
Rwanda Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980-47
1990266
20001047
2010508

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Rwanda CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 100
  • 94
  • 99
  • 95
  • 94
  • 91


Year
Rwanda CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
1960100
197094
198099
199095
200094
201091

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Rwanda CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 106
  • 55
  • 293
  • 653
  • 477
  • 524


Year
Rwanda CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960106
197055
1980293
1990653
2000477
2010524

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Rwanda CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 106
  • 59
  • 297
  • 689
  • 510
  • 576


Year
Rwanda CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
1960106
197059
1980297
1990689
2000510
2010576

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Rwanda CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Rwanda CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19900
20001
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Rwanda CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 0
  • 4
  • 0


Year
Rwanda CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804
19900
20004
20100

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Rwanda Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 91
  • 91


Year
Rwanda Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200091
201091

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Rwanda Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 97
  • 40


Year
Rwanda Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200097
201040

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Rwanda Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 14


Year
Rwanda Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
201014

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Rwanda Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 0
  • 2


Year
Rwanda Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20000
20102

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 995
  • 1086
  • 1155
  • 825
  • 1736


Year
Rwanda Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
1970995
19801086
19901155
2000825
20101736

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14
  • 18


Year
Rwanda Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200014
201018

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3414
  • 4338


Year
Rwanda Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003414
20104338

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Arable land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 21
  • 30
  • 34
  • 35
  • 45


Year
Rwanda Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197021
198030
199034
200035
201045

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 57
  • 69
  • 75
  • 67
  • 73


Year
Rwanda Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197057
198069
199075
200067
201073

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Rwanda Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 13970
  • 16970
  • 18550
  • 16610
  • 18089


Year
Rwanda Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
197013970
198016970
199018550
200016610
201018089


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