100.00% Increase in Russian Federation's School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Russian Federation's School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Russian Federation

Highlights of this Analysis on Russian Federation (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Russian Federation a Europe & Central Asia regioned country, is categorized as Upper middle income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 54
  • 62
  • 69
  • 73
  • 73
  • 74


Year
Russian Federation Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196054
197062
198069
199073
200073
201074

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Russian Federation Urban population is in Decreasing trend
  • 64421857
  • 79922296
  • 95659612
  • 108424260
  • 107987645
  • 105149982


Year
Russian Federation Urban population
YearValues
196064421857
197079922296
198095659612
1990108424260
2000107987645
2010105149982

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Russian Federation Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Russian Federation Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19603
19702
19802
19901
20000
20100

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Russian Federation Population, total is in Decreasing trend
  • 119897000
  • 129664000
  • 138027000
  • 147721000
  • 147214392
  • 142785342


Year
Russian Federation Population, total
YearValues
1960119897000
1970129664000
1980138027000
1990147721000
2000147214392
2010142785342

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Russian Federation Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Russian Federation Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19601
19701
19801
19901
20000
20100

Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.

Data Source : World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).
Observation : Russian Federation Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 0


Year
Russian Federation Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Russian Federation Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 28
  • 22
  • 20
  • 11


Year
Russian Federation Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
198028
199022
200020
201011

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Russian Federation Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 90
  • 98


Year
Russian Federation Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200090
201098

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Russian Federation School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Russian Federation School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Russian Federation Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 16
  • 7
  • 4


Year
Russian Federation Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199016
20007
20104

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Russian Federation Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 15
  • 17
  • 19
  • 19
  • 20
  • 22


Year
Russian Federation Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196015
197017
198019
199019
200020
201022

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Russian Federation Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 155602
  • 168058
  • 98266
  • 64811


Year
Russian Federation Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980155602
1990168058
200098266
201064811

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Russian Federation Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 446764
  • 611597
  • 455382
  • 507742


Year
Russian Federation Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980446764
1990611597
2000455382
2010507742

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Russian Federation Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2964556
  • 3390141
  • 2512657
  • 2562921


Year
Russian Federation Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19802964556
19903390141
20002512657
20102562921

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Russian Federation Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 471320
  • 364875
  • 333027
  • 351625


Year
Russian Federation Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980471320
1990364875
2000333027
2010351625

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 30
  • 23


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200030
201023

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 459244
  • 368600


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000459244
2010368600

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 1


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 10
  • 11


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200010
201011

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 21
  • 23


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200021
201023

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 323792
  • 358889


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000323792
2010358889

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1531130
  • 1574045


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001531130
20101574045

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 1


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 47
  • 51


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200047
201051

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 720452
  • 802519


Year
Russian Federation CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000720452
2010802519

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Russian Federation CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 2


Year
Russian Federation CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
20102

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4137
  • 4531


Year
Russian Federation Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004137
20104531

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4999
  • 6095


Year
Russian Federation Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004999
20106095

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 322
  • 203


Year
Russian Federation Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000322
2010203

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Russian Federation Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 4


Year
Russian Federation Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20004
20104

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 60000000
  • 501000000


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200060000000
2010501000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 19
  • 18


Year
Russian Federation Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200019
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5
  • 2


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20005
20102

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Nuclear power refers to electricity produced by nuclear power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14
  • 17


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200014
201017

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 42
  • 47


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200042
201047

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 19
  • 18


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200019
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Russian Federation Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 19
  • 17


Year
Russian Federation Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200019
201017

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Russian Federation Access to electricity (% of population) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 100
  • 100


Year
Russian Federation Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000100
2010100

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Russian Federation Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Russian Federation Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20103

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1451
  • 2281


Year
Russian Federation Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001451
20102281

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 49
  • 50


Year
Russian Federation Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200049
201050

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8092366
  • 8138665


Year
Russian Federation Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20008092366
20108138665

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Arable land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8
  • 7


Year
Russian Federation Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20008
20107

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13
  • 13


Year
Russian Federation Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200013
201013

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Russian Federation Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2167900
  • 2154500


Year
Russian Federation Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002167900
20102154500


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