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100.00% Increase in Low & middle income Countries's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Low & middle income Countries (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 24
  • 27
  • 30
  • 35
  • 40
  • 45


Year
Low & middle income Countries Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196024
197027
198030
199035
200040
201045

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 535946582
  • 737522111
  • 1034889118
  • 1476633167
  • 1975078667
  • 2581892400


Year
Low & middle income Countries Urban population
YearValues
1960535946582
1970737522111
19801034889118
19901476633167
20001975078667
20102581892400

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Urban population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 3
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Low & middle income Countries Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19703
19804
19903
20003
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 2271826072
  • 2763558198
  • 3431452144
  • 4194569000
  • 4964125844
  • 5690410869


Year
Low & middle income Countries Population, total
YearValues
19602271826072
19702763558198
19803431452144
19904194569000
20004964125844
20105690410869

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1


Year
Low & middle income Countries Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19702
19802
19902
20002
20101

Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.

Data Source : World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 35
  • 0


Year
Low & middle income Countries Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200035
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 87
  • 58


Year
Low & middle income Countries Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200087
201058

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 75
  • 79
  • 79
  • 89


Year
Low & middle income Countries Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
198075
199079
200079
201089

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Low & middle income Countries School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Low & middle income Countries School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 29
  • 23
  • 19
  • 13
  • 10


Year
Low & middle income Countries Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
197029
198023
199019
200013
201010

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Low & middle income Countries CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 10
  • 11
  • 13
  • 14
  • 17
  • 19


Year
Low & middle income Countries Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196010
197011
198013
199014
200017
201019

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 22


Year
Low & middle income Countries Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
201022

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1619125
  • 1796127
  • 1962553
  • 2286265


Year
Low & middle income Countries Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801619125
19901796127
20001962553
20102286265

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 33


Year
Low & middle income Countries Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
201033

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4155801
  • 4640419
  • 4854624
  • 6170360


Year
Low & middle income Countries Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804155801
19904640419
20004854624
20106170360

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • 31


Year
Low & middle income Countries Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
201031

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 17579924
  • 19496971
  • 23058401
  • 29252113


Year
Low & middle income Countries Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
198017579924
199019496971
200023058401
201029252113

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  • -16


Year
Low & middle income Countries Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003
2010-16

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4412986
  • 3895235
  • 5639711
  • 4446520


Year
Low & middle income Countries Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804412986
19903895235
20005639711
20104446520

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 67
  • 47
  • 44
  • 50
  • 43
  • 51


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196067
197047
198044
199050
200043
201051

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 1490282
  • 1317443
  • 2515634
  • 4218620
  • 4705385
  • 9376918


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19601490282
19701317443
19802515634
19904218620
20004705385
20109376918

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19601
19701
19802
19902
20002
20103

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 24
  • 37
  • 40
  • 36
  • 32
  • 25


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196024
197037
198040
199036
200032
201025

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 536683
  • 1038107
  • 2258861
  • 2971380
  • 3396899
  • 4369042


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960536683
19701038107
19802258861
19902971380
20003396899
20104369042

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 2392141
  • 3031341
  • 6094012
  • 9059158
  • 10459326
  • 17502325


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19602392141
19703031341
19806094012
19909059158
200010459326
201017502325

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19601
19701
19801
19901
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 3
  • 6
  • 7
  • 9
  • 18
  • 15


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19603
19706
19807
19909
200018
201015

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1986875
  • 2749616


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001986875
20102749616

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Increasing trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Low & middle income Countries CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19602
19702
19802
19902
20002
20103

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 574
  • 648
  • 877
  • 1168


Year
Low & middle income Countries Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980574
1990648
2000877
20101168

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 334
  • 519
  • 931
  • 1512


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980334
1990519
2000931
20101512

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 178
  • 153


Year
Low & middle income Countries Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000178
2010153

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 31
  • 24


Year
Low & middle income Countries Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200031
201024

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20102

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 41000000
  • 178000000
  • 6195000000
  • 18631000000
  • 41386000000
  • 151574000000


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
196041000000
1970178000000
19806195000000
199018631000000
200041386000000
2010151574000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 26
  • 23


Year
Low & middle income Countries Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200026
201023

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 13
  • 9
  • 10
  • 5


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198013
19909
200010
20105

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Nuclear power refers to electricity produced by nuclear power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 5
  • 4


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20005
20104

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 6
  • 20
  • 20


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804
19906
200020
201020

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 20
  • 18
  • 25
  • 21


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198020
199018
200025
201021

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 22
  • 38
  • 47


Year
Low & middle income Countries Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198018
199022
200038
201047

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 75
  • 79


Year
Low & middle income Countries Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200075
201079

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Low & middle income Countries Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20003
20103

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1393
  • 1870
  • 2371
  • 2664
  • 3101


Year
Low & middle income Countries Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701393
19801870
19902371
20002664
20103101

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Forest area (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 33
  • 32


Year
Low & middle income Countries Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200033
201032

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Forest area (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 30193482
  • 29730021


Year
Low & middle income Countries Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200030193482
201029730021

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 10
  • 10
  • 11
  • 11
  • 11


Year
Low & middle income Countries Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197010
198010
199011
200011
201011

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 36
  • 37
  • 39
  • 37
  • 38


Year
Low & middle income Countries Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197036
198037
199039
200037
201038

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Low & middle income Countries Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 24929084
  • 25787452
  • 27314799
  • 34530988
  • 34779552


Year
Low & middle income Countries Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
197024929084
198025787452
199027314799
200034530988
201034779552


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