100.00% Increase in Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income)'s CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income)'s CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 45
  • 52
  • 58
  • 63
  • 64
  • 65


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196045
197052
198058
199063
200064
201065

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 123185906
  • 159873933
  • 199305499
  • 239330294
  • 249008949
  • 258542876


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Urban population
YearValues
1960123185906
1970159873933
1980199305499
1990239330294
2000249008949
2010258542876

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Urban population growth (annual %) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 3
  • 2
  • 1
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19703
19802
19901
20000
20101

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 275147578
  • 311023409
  • 346489990
  • 382800641
  • 392211706
  • 396743394


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population, total
YearValues
1960275147578
1970311023409
1980346489990
1990382800641
2000392211706
2010396743394

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 0
  • 0


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19701
19801
19901
20000
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 38
  • 21


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200038
201021

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 96
  • 94
  • 97


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199096
200094
201097

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 17
  • 10
  • 6


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199017
200010
20106

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 12
  • 14
  • 16
  • 17
  • 18
  • 21


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196012
197014
198016
199017
200018
201021

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 342622
  • 363588
  • 229506
  • 186082


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980342622
1990363588
2000229506
2010186082

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 788807
  • 1012757
  • 767033
  • 885429


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980788807
19901012757
2000767033
2010885429

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4926481
  • 5564750
  • 4093713
  • 4319912


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804926481
19905564750
20004093713
20104319912

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 157080
  • -35359
  • 358562
  • 353389


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980157080
1990-35359
2000358562
2010353389

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 48
  • 42
  • 33
  • 41
  • 32
  • 30


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196048
197042
198033
199041
200032
201030

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 879334
  • 856337


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000879334
2010856337

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 7
  • 7


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20007
20107

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 27
  • 33
  • 40
  • 35
  • 22
  • 22


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196027
197033
198040
199035
200022
201022

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 598467
  • 623119


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000598467
2010623119

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2655559
  • 2812194


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002655559
20102812194

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 21
  • 21
  • 22
  • 19
  • 43
  • 44


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196021
197021
198022
199019
200043
201044

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1128999
  • 1242393


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001128999
20101242393

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Stable trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19602
19702
19803
19903
20003
20103

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2666
  • 2827


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002666
20102827

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3253
  • 3887


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20003253
20103887

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 280
  • 179


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000280
2010179

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 6
  • 6


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20006
20106

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 41000000
  • 178000000
  • 145000000
  • 63000000
  • 298000000
  • 3200000000


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
196041000000
1970178000000
1980145000000
199063000000
2000298000000
20103200000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 21
  • 18


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200021
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5
  • 2


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20005
20102

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Nuclear power refers to electricity produced by nuclear power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 15
  • 16


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200015
201016

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 35
  • 40


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200035
201040

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 21
  • 18


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200021
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 24
  • 25


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200024
201025

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Access to electricity (% of population) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 100
  • 100


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000100
2010100

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 4


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20104

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1639
  • 2375
  • 2380
  • 1810
  • 2452


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701639
19802375
19902380
20001810
20102452

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 38
  • 39


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200038
201039

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8700697
  • 8770010


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20008700697
20108770010

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 11
  • 11


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200011
201011

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 28
  • 28


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200028
201028

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 608680
  • 611820
  • 619330
  • 6376317
  • 6300479


Year
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
1970608680
1980611820
1990619330
20006376317
20106300479


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