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100.00% Increase in Early-demographic dividend's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Early-demographic dividend (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 23
  • 26
  • 30
  • 34
  • 38
  • 42


Year
Early-demographic dividend Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
196023
197026
198030
199034
200038
201042

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 224507717
  • 315961682
  • 467865981
  • 683849377
  • 923034318
  • 1192075127


Year
Early-demographic dividend Urban population
YearValues
1960224507717
1970315961682
1980467865981
1990683849377
2000923034318
20101192075127

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Urban population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19704
19804
19904
20003
20102

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 980085256
  • 1216984739
  • 1551478689
  • 1982404841
  • 2428682278
  • 2864614907


Year
Early-demographic dividend Population, total
YearValues
1960980085256
19701216984739
19801551478689
19901982404841
20002428682278
20102864614907

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Population growth (annual %) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19600
19702
19802
19902
20002
20102

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 82
  • 54


Year
Early-demographic dividend Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200082
201054

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 56
  • 71
  • 74
  • 89


Year
Early-demographic dividend Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
198056
199071
200074
201089

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Early-demographic dividend School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Early-demographic dividend School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19901
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 24
  • 19
  • 17
  • 13
  • 10


Year
Early-demographic dividend Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
197024
198019
199017
200013
201010

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3


Year
Early-demographic dividend CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20103

Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2018 had a population of more than one million people.

Data Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population) is in Increasing trend
  • 10
  • 12
  • 14
  • 15
  • 16
  • 17


Year
Early-demographic dividend Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population)
YearValues
196010
197012
198014
199015
200016
201017

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 9
  • 25


Year
Early-demographic dividend Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20009
201025

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 528968
  • 629839
  • 791866
  • 843751


Year
Early-demographic dividend Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980528968
1990629839
2000791866
2010843751

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 8
  • 30


Year
Early-demographic dividend Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20008
201030

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1613725
  • 1746215
  • 2014990
  • 2393207


Year
Early-demographic dividend Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801613725
19901746215
20002014990
20102393207

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 15
  • 26


Year
Early-demographic dividend Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200015
201026

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 5251222
  • 5774094
  • 8164838
  • 8907331


Year
Early-demographic dividend Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19805251222
19905774094
20008164838
20108907331

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1272342
  • 1267629
  • 1371390
  • 1005934


Year
Early-demographic dividend Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801272342
19901267629
20001371390
20101005934

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 39
  • 31
  • 25
  • 29
  • 29
  • 32


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196039
197031
198025
199029
200029
201032

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 249289
  • 341520
  • 509443
  • 899448
  • 1323929
  • 2179940


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960249289
1970341520
1980509443
1990899448
20001323929
20102179940

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Stable trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19601
19701
19801
19901
20002
20102

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 44
  • 44
  • 52
  • 49
  • 44
  • 39


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
196044
197044
198052
199049
200044
201039

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 249102
  • 440084
  • 949629
  • 1348930
  • 1802356
  • 2391944


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
1960249102
1970440084
1980949629
19901348930
20001802356
20102391944

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 582183
  • 1021631
  • 1848616
  • 2827455
  • 4080693
  • 6099152


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
1960582183
19701021631
19801848616
19902827455
20004080693
20106099152

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19601
19701
19801
19901
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 5
  • 8
  • 9
  • 16
  • 21
  • 22


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19605
19708
19809
199016
200021
201022

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 88448
  • 198767
  • 527883
  • 895768
  • 1376645


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
197088448
1980198767
1990527883
2000895768
20101376645

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use) is in Increasing trend
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 3


Year
Early-demographic dividend CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use)
YearValues
19602
19702
19802
19902
20002
20103

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 488
  • 581
  • 703
  • 843


Year
Early-demographic dividend Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980488
1990581
2000703
2010843

Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 310
  • 490
  • 709
  • 963


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980310
1990490
2000709
2010963

Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 135
  • 124


Year
Early-demographic dividend Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000135
2010124

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 33
  • 27


Year
Early-demographic dividend Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200033
201027

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19901
20001
20102

Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh) is in Increasing trend
  • 41000000
  • 178000000
  • 2776000000
  • 13011000000
  • 25777000000
  • 68709000000


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)
YearValues
196041000000
1970178000000
19802776000000
199013011000000
200025777000000
201068709000000

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 22
  • 18


Year
Early-demographic dividend Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200022
201018

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 26
  • 20
  • 16
  • 12


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from oil sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198026
199020
200016
201012

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Nuclear power refers to electricity produced by nuclear power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801
19902
20002
20102

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 10
  • 15
  • 25
  • 34


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198010
199015
200025
201034

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 28
  • 22
  • 20
  • 16


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198028
199022
200020
201016

Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from coal sources (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 27
  • 32
  • 33
  • 32


Year
Early-demographic dividend Electricity production from coal sources (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198027
199032
200033
201032

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 65
  • 77


Year
Early-demographic dividend Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200065
201077

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 2
  • 2


Year
Early-demographic dividend Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20002
20102

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1239
  • 1524
  • 2031
  • 2467
  • 2953


Year
Early-demographic dividend Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701239
19801524
19902031
20002467
20102953

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Forest area (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 23
  • 22


Year
Early-demographic dividend Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200023
201022

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Forest area (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 7681870
  • 7410062


Year
Early-demographic dividend Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20007681870
20107410062

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Arable land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 12
  • 12
  • 13
  • 13
  • 13


Year
Early-demographic dividend Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197012
198012
199013
200013
201013

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 35
  • 36
  • 38
  • 41
  • 41


Year
Early-demographic dividend Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
197035
198036
199038
200041
201041

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Early-demographic dividend Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 10970570
  • 11123515
  • 11709858
  • 13505819
  • 13664382


Year
Early-demographic dividend Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
197010970570
198011123515
199011709858
200013505819
201013664382


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