100.00% Increase in Bhutan's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

100.00% Increase in Bhutan's CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) - The World Bank Report

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Climate Change

Highlights of this Analysis on Bhutan (Comparison 2010 vs 2018) :

Bhutan a South Asia regioned country, is categorized as Lower middle income country by United Nations. These below are few data elements published by The World Bank impacting overall Climate Change.

Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030.Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate change impacts – including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise – and the poorest and most vulnerable are being hit the hardest.

This Article is about Climate Change

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Data Source : United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
  • 4
  • 6
  • 10
  • 16
  • 24
  • 34


Year
Bhutan Urban population (% of total population)
YearValues
19604
19706
198010
199016
200024
201034

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Bhutan Urban population is in Increasing trend
  • 8029
  • 16643
  • 38093
  • 81695
  • 140905
  • 230698


Year
Bhutan Urban population
YearValues
19608029
197016643
198038093
199081695
2000140905
2010230698

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.
Observation : Bhutan Urban population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 3


Year
Bhutan Urban population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19608
19708
19808
19907
20007
20103

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Data Source : (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Bhutan Population, total is in Increasing trend
  • 223288
  • 287891
  • 395195
  • 522179
  • 577881
  • 678323


Year
Bhutan Population, total
YearValues
1960223288
1970287891
1980395195
1990522179
2000577881
2010678323

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Data Source : Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.
Observation : Bhutan Population growth (annual %) is in Decreasing trend
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1


Year
Bhutan Population growth (annual %)
YearValues
19602
19703
19803
19902
20002
20101

Prevalence of underweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's child growth standards released in 2006.

Data Source : UNICEF, WHO, World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates (JME). Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.
Observation : Bhutan Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 14
  • 0


Year
Bhutan Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200014
20100

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

Data Source : Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.
Observation : Bhutan Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 278
  • 202
  • 134
  • 82
  • 45


Year
Bhutan Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)
YearValues
19600
1970278
1980202
1990134
200082
201045

Primary completion rate, or gross intake ratio to the last grade of primary education, is the number of new entrants (enrollments minus repeaters) in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population at the entrance age for the last grade of primary education. Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of primary education.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Bhutan Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 9
  • 0
  • 49
  • 81


Year
Bhutan Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
YearValues
19600
19700
19809
19900
200049
201081

Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Data Source : UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)
Observation : Bhutan School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Bhutan School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20101

Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3 or 4.

Data Source : World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.
Observation : Bhutan Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 35
  • 26
  • 18


Year
Bhutan Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
199035
200026
201018

The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.

Data Source : World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).
Observation : Bhutan CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4


Year
Bhutan CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20104

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Bhutan Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 75
  • 75


Year
Bhutan Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200075
201075

Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Bhutan Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 143
  • 171
  • 313
  • 314


Year
Bhutan Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980143
1990171
2000313
2010314

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Bhutan Methane emissions (% change from 1990) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 36
  • 48


Year
Bhutan Methane emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200036
201048

Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Bhutan Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 809
  • 902
  • 1248
  • 1358


Year
Bhutan Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980809
1990902
20001248
20101358

Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Bhutan Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 201
  • 71


Year
Bhutan Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000201
201071

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Data Source : European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
Observation : Bhutan Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1014
  • 1196
  • 3858
  • 2191


Year
Bhutan Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
19801014
19901196
20003858
20102191

Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

Data Source : World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.
Observation : Bhutan Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • -427
  • -529
  • 1460
  • -549


Year
Bhutan Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)
YearValues
19600
19700
1980-427
1990-529
20001460
2010-549

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 17
  • 0
  • 46
  • 15


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198017
19900
200046
201015

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 4
  • 0
  • 176
  • 59


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
19804
19900
2000176
201059

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 1


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20101

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 83
  • 100
  • 35
  • 62


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total)
YearValues
19600
19700
198083
1990100
200035
201062

Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 18
  • 62
  • 136
  • 242


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
198018
199062
2000136
2010242

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions (kt) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 22
  • 62
  • 385
  • 389


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions (kt)
YearValues
19600
19700
198022
199062
2000385
2010389

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

Data Source : Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.
Observation : Bhutan CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1
  • 0


Year
Bhutan CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20001
20100

Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Bhutan Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 92
  • 93


Year
Bhutan Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200092
201093

Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.

Data Source : IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2018 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/
Observation : Bhutan Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 100
  • 100


Year
Bhutan Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
2000100
2010100

Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.

Data Source : World Bank, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) database from the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework led jointly by the World Bank, International Energy Agency, and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program.
Observation : Bhutan Access to electricity (% of population) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 71


Year
Bhutan Access to electricity (% of population)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
201071

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

Data Source : International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and Balance of Payments databases, World Bank, International Debt Statistics, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.
Observation : Bhutan Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 1


Year
Bhutan Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
20000
20101

Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Cereal yield (kg per hectare) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 1435
  • 1434
  • 1015
  • 1507
  • 2160


Year
Bhutan Cereal yield (kg per hectare)
YearValues
19600
19701435
19801434
19901015
20001507
20102160

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Forest area (% of land area) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 65
  • 71


Year
Bhutan Forest area (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200065
201071

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Forest area (sq. km) is in Increasing trend
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 25961
  • 26954


Year
Bhutan Forest area (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19700
19800
19900
200025961
201026954

Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Arable land (% of land area) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 4
  • 3


Year
Bhutan Arable land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19702
19803
19903
20004
20103

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Agricultural land (% of land area) is in Stable trend
  • 0
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 14
  • 14


Year
Bhutan Agricultural land (% of land area)
YearValues
19600
19708
19809
199010
200014
201014

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Data Source : Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.
Observation : Bhutan Agricultural land (sq. km) is in Decreasing trend
  • 0
  • 3700
  • 4050
  • 4520
  • 5720
  • 5200


Year
Bhutan Agricultural land (sq. km)
YearValues
19600
19703700
19804050
19904520
20005720
20105200


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